Vmware Scenario Based Interview Questions

Title: Mastering VMware Scenario-Based Interview Questions: A Comprehensive Guide

As the world of virtualization continues to expand, VMware has solidified its position as a leader in the industry. With its cutting-edge solutions, VMware has become an essential component of modern IT infrastructures, enabling businesses to streamline operations, optimize resource utilization, and enhance overall efficiency. Consequently, the demand for skilled VMware professionals has skyrocketed, making it imperative for candidates to not only possess theoretical knowledge but also demonstrate a proficient understanding of real-world scenarios.

In this comprehensive guide, we delve into the depths of VMware scenario-based interview questions, equipping you with the knowledge and strategies necessary to excel in your upcoming VMware interview. Whether you’re a seasoned IT professional or a newcomer to the field, this article will provide you with invaluable insights and practical examples to help you navigate the intricate world of VMware.

Understanding the Importance of Scenario-Based Questions

Scenario-based questions are designed to assess a candidate’s ability to apply their knowledge and problem-solving skills in practical situations. These questions simulate real-world challenges that VMware professionals may encounter, testing their ability to think critically, analyze complex scenarios, and provide effective solutions.

By mastering scenario-based questions, you demonstrate your grasp of VMware technologies and their applications, showcasing your aptitude for handling intricate situations and making informed decisions. This not only increases your chances of securing the desired role but also positions you as a valuable asset to potential employers.

Mastering the Fundamentals

Before delving into scenario-based questions, it is crucial to establish a solid foundation in VMware’s core concepts and technologies. Familiarize yourself with the following fundamental topics:

  • vSphere: VMware’s cloud computing virtualization platform, encompassing ESXi and vCenter Server.
  • ESXi: The virtualization platform or hypervisor that allows multiple virtual machines (VMs) to run on a single physical machine.
  • vCenter Server: The centralized management utility for VMware environments, enabling the configuration, monitoring, and administration of virtualized resources.
  • Datastores: Storage locations where virtual machine files are stored in a VMware environment.
  • VMKernel: The core component of ESXi responsible for essential services like VMotion, storage I/O, and network management.
  • VMotion: VMware’s live migration technology that allows running VMs to be moved between physical hosts without downtime.
  • Snapshots: Point-in-time captures of a VM’s state, including memory, settings, and disk state.
  • DRS (Distributed Resource Scheduler): A feature that dynamically balances resources across ESXi hosts within a cluster.
  • Thick and Thin Provisioning: Provisioning methods that determine how storage space is allocated for virtual disks.
  • Fault Tolerance (FT): A feature that creates a live shadow instance of a VM, ensuring continuous availability in case of hardware failures.

By having a firm grasp of these fundamental concepts, you will be better equipped to comprehend and respond to scenario-based questions effectively.

Tackling Common Scenario-Based Questions

Now that you have a solid foundation in VMware’s core concepts, let’s explore some common scenario-based questions and their potential solutions:

  1. Scenario: In a vSphere cluster with ESXi hosts and a critical application running on esx01, how would you maintain the operation of VM1 when placing esx01 into maintenance mode, considering that vSphere HA and DRS are not enabled?

    Solution: Since vSphere HA and DRS are not enabled, you would need to manually migrate VM1 to another host in the cluster using vSphere vMotion. This can be done through either a cold migration (shutting down VM1 and moving it to another host) or a live migration (moving VM1 while it’s still running).

  2. Scenario: How would you achieve better performance and near-zero CPU utilization for networking functions on ESXi hosts?

    Solution: To enhance network performance with minimal CPU usage, you should enable vSphere Network I/O Control on a newly created vSphere Distributed Switch. This feature allows for efficient management of network resources and offloads network processing tasks, reducing CPU load.

  3. Scenario: During datastore maintenance, how can you avoid using Storage vMotion for the vSphere Cluster Services (vCLS) VMs?

    Solution: In this scenario, you can use vCLS Retreat Mode. This feature temporarily relocates vCLS VMs without using Storage vMotion, allowing you to perform maintenance on the datastore while ensuring the continuous operation of vCLS VMs.

  4. Scenario: How would you implement tag-based placement rules for virtual machine disks in VMware vCenter?

    Solution: To achieve this, you should use Storage Policy-Based Management (SPBM). SPBM allows you to tag and categorize storage resources, enabling automated and efficient placement of virtual machine disks based on predefined criteria.

  5. Scenario: In a two-node vSphere cluster with two domain controller VMs, how can you ensure that the VMs run on separate hosts without interfering with normal maintenance?

    Solution: You should configure the Distributed Resource Scheduler (DRS) by creating a ‘Should run Virtual Machines to Hosts’ anti-affinity rule. This rule will ensure that the domain controller VMs are always running on separate hosts, providing redundancy and reliability while allowing for maintenance operations.

These scenarios represent just a small sample of the types of questions you may encounter during a VMware interview. By studying and practicing these scenarios, you will not only deepen your understanding of VMware technologies but also develop the critical thinking skills necessary to tackle even the most complex situations.

Continuous Learning and Preparation

In the ever-evolving world of technology, continuous learning and preparation are essential for success. As VMware releases new versions and features, it is crucial to stay up-to-date with the latest developments. Regularly attend training sessions, participate in online forums, and engage with the VMware community to expand your knowledge and gain insights into emerging trends and best practices.

Additionally, consider pursuing VMware certifications, such as the VMware Certified Professional (VCP) or VMware Certified Advanced Professional (VCAP), to validate your expertise and demonstrate your commitment to professional growth.


Mastering VMware scenario-based interview questions is a journey that requires dedication, practice, and a deep understanding of VMware technologies and their practical applications. By following the strategies outlined in this guide, you will be well-prepared to tackle even the most challenging scenarios and demonstrate your problem-solving abilities to potential employers.

Remember, the key to success lies in continuous learning, staying abreast of the latest developments, and consistently honing your skills. With perseverance and a passion for virtualization, you can position yourself as a valuable asset in the dynamic world of VMware and unlock a world of exciting career opportunities.

VMWARE Scenario based Interview Questions and Answers


What are the rounds of interview in VMware?

The on-site interview has three main rounds: the coding round, the design round, and the behavioral round. Each of these rounds typically last 30 minutes. The coding round will involve solving a problem or two around algorithms and data structures.

What is the difference between reset and restart guest in VMware?

You can perform a restart operation on a virtual desktop, which performs a graceful operating system restart of the virtual machine. You can perform a reset operation on a virtual machine without the graceful operating system restart, which performs a hard power-off and power-on of the virtual machine.

What is DRS in VMware?

Introduction. VMware vSphere® Distributed Resource Scheduler™ (DRS) is the resource scheduling and load balancing solution for vSphere. DRS works on a cluster of ESXi hosts and provides resource management capabilities like load balancing and virtual machine (VM) placement.

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