13 Types of Drawing for Artistic Careers

Finding Your Drawing Style + Sketching

Types of drawing

Types of drawing styles include:

1. Caricature drawing

Caricature drawings are pictures that oversimplify or overdramatise their subjects. The personification of an object or enlarging or contracting someone’s facial features are two characteristics of caricatures. Artists may use caricature in animation, advertising or graphic design.

2. Cartoon drawing

Cartoon images frequently present a more comedic or whimsical interpretation of the world. They might use exaggerated shapes and colors to convey emotion or tone, much like caricatures. Cartoons can be used by artists in animation, graphic design, advertising, and illustrations. Some specific types of cartoons include:

Action panels in comics present scenes and stories using cartoon-style drawing. In addition to images, comics employ textual elements like speech bubbles and captions to tell more complex stories. They can range in complexity and length from a single panel to an entire book. Graphic novels and Manga, a style of comic created in Japan and featuring characters similar to anime, are two examples of comics.

Editorial cartoons make fun of or comment on a current cultural issue, like politics or popular culture, using a comics-style panel format. They typically only have one panel, use captions and other textual aids for clarity, and are biased in favor of a certain viewpoint.

3. Figure drawing

Figure drawings, also referred to as still-life drawings, are produced by artists by making observations of the outside world. The subjects are frequently human models, but they can also be things like fruit, cars, or natural objects. Figure-drawing artists try to depict the world as they perceive it. Figure drawing is frequently used by art instructors to teach the basics and assist students in learning perspective, proportions, and shading.

4. Gesture drawing

Like figure drawing, gesture drawing uses real-life subjects as inspiration. While trying to capture action, form, and pose, gesture drawing focuses on movement. Models or subjects frequently switch positions every one to five minutes to simulate motion. Gesture drawings may be less detailed than other types of illustrations because the shorter the pose, the less the artist can capture.

5. Line drawing

Focus is placed on using only straight lines and contours without any shading in line drawings. In the majority of line drawings, the creator completes an image without removing their tool from the surface. Without putting an emphasis on detail, line drawings may be used to teach the value of angles and curves.

6. Perspective drawing

Perspective drawing, also referred to as 3D or anamorphic drawing, is a technique used by artists to produce three-dimensional images in a two-dimensional environment, such as on paper. In order to understand how each object relates to the others, those who use this type of drawing pay close attention to distance, space, light, volume, surface, and scale. Two types of perspective drawing include:

Perspective drawing may be used by architects, engineers, interior designers, and illustrators.

7. Photorealism

The idea behind photorealism, also known as hyperrealism, is to create drawings that are so realistic they could be mistaken for photographs. Artists frequently employ this technique when depicting people, but they may also be inspired by animals, landscapes, cities, and other natural features. The goal of photorealism is to make subjects look as real as possible by emphasizing contours, shading, and details.

8. Pointillism

Though it is more frequently used in painting, the artistic technique of pointillism can also be applied to drawings. When viewed from a distance, the numerous tiny dots created by the stippling technique produce a realistic image with light and shadows.

9. Scientific illustrations

Scientific illustrations, also known as diagrams, are made by artists to simplify complex ideas for the public to understand. In both still and animated forms, they provide in-depth depictions of scientific subjects such as animals, the human body, and naturally occurring objects in the universe. In order to convey as much information as possible, scientific illustrations may make use of arrows and labels to draw attention to particular details and demonstrate how various components interact with one another.

10. Scratchboard drawing

India ink and a thin layer of clay are applied to a cardboard sheet for scratchboard drawing, also known as scraperboard drawing. Artists carve through the ink to reveal the clay using a sharp instrument sometimes referred to as a scratchboard nib. The more lines they make, the brighter the picture becomes. Drawings on scratchboards can occasionally be extremely detailed and even look like wood engravings.

11. Silhouette drawing

Images or artwork known as silhouettes depict the outline of an object in a single color or tone. The majority of the time, artists will create them in black and white, using one color for the background and another for the silhouette. They are used to create profile portraits because they only have the lines and curves in the outline.

12. Sketch drawing

Usually, a sketch drawing can be identified by its rougher lines and edges and unpolished appearance. Sketches are frequently made quickly and simply by artists, who may choose not to include certain details if they are not crucial to the composition. They are frequently applied to demonstrate a working concept or quickly record something significant. Specific types of sketches include:

The designs of cars, trucks, motorcycles, and other motorized vehicles are displayed in automotive sketches. They’re frequently used to depict the subject’s overall complex shapes and include areas with more details to demonstrate design elements or improvements, like custom wheels. Interiors and exteriors can be depicted in automotive sketches, which typically include color to demonstrate paint schemes or design concepts.

In the absence of photographs or video, media outlets use courtroom sketches to illustrate stories about trials and legal proceedings. Courtroom sketch artists may pay close attention to people’s faces, hair, or arms to depict the crucial details or actions of a court case. Despite being a sketch, some elements might have a lot of detail.

Long, elongated figures are frequently used in fashion illustrations to mimic the appearance of runway models. However, because the emphasis is on the designs, these figures rarely have fingers or facial features. Depending on the artist, fashion illustrations may have a rough or polished appearance. To generate initial concepts for upcoming wearable designs, they use lines, contours, and colors.

Interior sketches demonstrate how design concepts blend together and appear in a 3D environment. In order to create precisely proportioned objects, shading, and shadows, interior designers combine perspective and technical drawing. Interior drawings may be in color or black and white to demonstrate how fabrics, colors, and tones interact in a space.

13. Technical drawing

Technical drawing is the creation of exact plans and diagrams that demonstrate how to construct or build something, or how it works. These drawings are used in fields like the following by engineers, electricians, contractors, and other related professionals:

Architectural drawings show the detailed features of buildings. They could be plans to build entirely new structures, modifications to existing structures, or replications of existing structures. To help visualize the ideas and concepts that go into a build, architects create incredibly detailed drawings that depict every aspect of construction. Planners and construction teams may find it useful to use an architectural drawing to determine the kind of labor and materials they will need for a particular job.

Technical drawings for automobiles serve as blueprints to display a vehicle’s internal workings. They frequently depict all moving parts and how they relate to one another. Drawings of automobiles may depict the entire vehicle or a single component, such as the engine.

Electrical diagrams display the parts of an object’s electrical system, including the wiring, power sources, and lighting. They may also include information about voltage and capacity. Lines, colors, and simple shapes are used in electrical drawings to create a clear blueprint.

The specifications required to create an engineering product are defined in engineering drawings. Professionals use them as technical manuals to troubleshoot their tools and identify design flaws in order to improve or increase their efficiency. To ensure that the extremely detailed plans show accurate depictions of each element, engineers use mathematical equations.

The systems that supply water to an area and remove waste are depicted in plumbing drawings. Water supply lines, vent pipes, valves, drains, and fixtures are examples of elements. To indicate the proper items, plumbers use a variety of industry-developed symbols. Plumbing drawings also make extensive use of both straight and curved lines. These kinds of drawings frequently lack components like color and shading even though they contain a lot of detail.

Similar to architectural drawings, structural drawings concentrate on the load-bearing components of a structure, such as beams or walls, rather than finer details like surface finishes or mechanical systems. They don’t resemble a traditional artistic drawing at all, more like blueprints or other plans. To determine the most precise ratios of included items to ensure proper stability and construction, structural designers use math and science.

What kinds of careers involve drawing?

Making marks on a surface to produce forms, shapes, or images is referred to as drawing. Most creative careers involve drawing in some form or function. Drawing can, however, be a career in math, science, and engineering. Some particular professions that use drawing to carry out their duties include:

Drawing tools

Artists use a variety of tools to make drawings, including:

Mediums for drawing

Artists create drawings on a variety of surfaces. Some of the most common include:


What are the 4 types of drawing?

The four main categories of manual drawing are sketches, pictorial, orthographic, and full-size set out.

What are the 7 different forms of drawing?

Types of drawing styles include:
  • Caricature drawing. Caricature drawings are pictures that oversimplify or overdramatise their subjects.
  • Cartoon drawing. …
  • Figure drawing. …
  • Gesture drawing. …
  • Line drawing. …
  • Perspective drawing. …
  • Photorealism. …
  • Pointillism.

What are some different styles of drawing?

They can be categorized into three categories: expressive, realistic, and symbolic drawing styles.

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