Mastering Queueable Apex: A Comprehensive Guide to Acing Your Next Interview

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Are you preparing for a Salesforce interview and feeling a bit overwhelmed by the prospect of tackling Queueable Apex questions? Fear not, for we have curated a comprehensive guide that will equip you with the knowledge and confidence to sail through this crucial topic. Queueable Apex is a powerful tool in the Salesforce ecosystem, and understanding its intricacies is essential for any aspiring Salesforce developer or architect. Let’s dive in!

What is Queueable Apex, and Why Should You Care?

Queueable Apex is an asynchronous execution mechanism in Salesforce that allows you to run time-consuming or long-running operations without blocking the user interface or the main execution thread. It’s an extension of the Future Methods, offering additional benefits and overcoming some of their limitations. In the fast-paced world of Salesforce development, where user experience and performance are paramount, Queueable Apex is a game-changer.

Advantages of Queueable Apex Over Future Methods

While Future Methods have served us well, Queueable Apex takes asynchronous execution to new heights. Here are some key advantages that set it apart:

  1. Non-Primitive Data Types: With Queueable Apex, you can work with non-primitive data types like sObjects and custom Apex types, whereas Future Methods are limited to primitive data types.

  2. Job Monitoring: When you submit a Queueable job, you receive a unique Job ID, allowing you to monitor its progress through the Salesforce user interface or programmatically via queries on the AsyncApexJob object.

  3. Job Chaining: Queueable Apex introduces the concept of job chaining, enabling you to start a new job from a running job. This powerful feature streamlines sequential processing and enhances workflow orchestration.

Writing a Queueable Apex Class

To create a Queueable Apex class, follow these simple steps:

  1. Define a class that implements the Queueable interface.
  2. Override the execute method, which will contain the logic you want to execute asynchronously.

Here’s an example:


public class QueueableApexExample implements Queueable {    public void execute(QueueableContext context) {        // Your asynchronous logic goes here    }}

Enqueuing and Monitoring Jobs

To start a Queueable job, use the System.enqueueJob method, which returns the Job ID:


ID jobID = System.enqueueJob(new QueueableApexExample());

You can then use this Job ID to monitor the job’s progress by querying the AsyncApexJob object:


AsyncApexJob jobInfo = [SELECT Status, NumberOfErrors FROM AsyncApexJob WHERE Id = :jobID];

Chaining Jobs for Sequential Processing

One of the standout features of Queueable Apex is job chaining, which allows you to orchestrate a series of jobs in a specific order. This can be achieved by starting a new job from within a running job:


public class JobA implements Queueable {    public void execute(QueueableContext context) {        // Job A logic        System.enqueueJob(new JobB());    }}public class JobB implements Queueable {    public void execute(QueueableContext context) {        // Job B logic        System.enqueueJob(new JobC());    }}public class JobC implements Queueable {    public void execute(QueueableContext context) {        // Job C logic    }}

In this example, Job A starts Job B, which in turn starts Job C, creating a sequential execution flow.

Queueable Apex Interview Questions and Answers

Now that you have a solid understanding of Queueable Apex, let’s dive into some common interview questions and their answers:

  1. What is the advantage of Queueable Apex over Future Methods?

    • Queueable Apex allows you to work with non-primitive data types, monitor job progress, and chain jobs for sequential processing, overcoming the limitations of Future Methods.
  2. What interface is used for Queueable Apex?

    • The Queueable interface is used for Queueable Apex.
  3. What method is used in a Queueable Apex class?

    • The execute method is overridden in a Queueable Apex class to contain the asynchronous logic.
  4. When would you use Future Methods instead of Queueable Apex?

    • You might use Future Methods instead of Queueable Apex when your functionality needs to be executed synchronously and asynchronously, as it’s easier to refactor a method than convert it to a Queueable class.
  5. How many jobs can you chain from an executing job?

    • You can add only one job from an executing job, meaning only one child job can exist for each parent job.
  6. How many jobs can you queue in a single transaction?

    • You can add up to 50 jobs to the queue with System.enqueueJob in a single transaction.
  7. How can you use the Job ID to trace the job?

    • You can perform a SOQL query on the AsyncApexJob object, filtering on the Job ID to retrieve information about the job’s status and any errors.
  8. Can you perform callouts from a Queueable job?

    • Yes, you can perform callouts from a Queueable job by implementing the Database.AllowsCallouts interface.
  9. What happens if you have written more than one System.enqueueJob call?

    • The system will throw a LimitException stating “Too many queueable jobs added to the queue: N.”
  10. How can you call multiple Queueable jobs from a Batch Apex?

    • Since you’re limited to one System.enqueueJob call per execution context in a Batch Apex, you can schedule the Queueable jobs by checking the current count of queued jobs using Limits.getQueueableJobs() and Limits.getLimitQueueableJobs().
  11. How do you test Queueable Apex?

    • To test Queueable Apex, you submit the job to the queue between the Test.startTest and Test.stopTest blocks. The system executes all asynchronous processes started in a test method synchronously after the Test.startTest statement.
  12. What are the limitations of Queueable jobs?

    • You can add up to 50 jobs to the queue with System.enqueueJob() in a single transaction.
    • The maximum depth of chained jobs is 5 (4 child jobs and the initial parent job) for Developer and Trial organizations, but there is no limit in other editions.
    • Only one job can be chained at a time, meaning only one child job from the same Queueable job.

By mastering these Queueable Apex interview questions and their answers, you’ll be well-prepared to showcase your expertise and impress your interviewers.


Queueable Apex is a powerful tool that every Salesforce developer should have in their arsenal. Its ability to handle asynchronous operations, work with non-primitive data types, monitor job progress, and chain jobs for sequential processing make it invaluable in building robust and efficient Salesforce applications. By following this comprehensive guide and practicing the provided interview questions, you’ll be well-equipped to tackle any Queueable Apex-related challenges that come your way during an interview or in your professional journey as a Salesforce developer.

Mock interview on Queueable Apex


What are the limitations of Queueable apex?

Queueable Apex Limits You can add up to 50 jobs to the queue with System.enqueueJob in a single transaction. In asynchronous transactions (for example, from a batch Apex job), you can add only one job to the queue with System.enqueueJob .

Can we call future in Queueable?

But we can call a future method/batch class from a queueable method and we can call a queueable method from a future method/batch class. Future Methods are static methods which follow the following rules : We have to use the @future annotation in the method declaration.

How does Queueable apex work?

Queueable Apex enables the submission of tasks for asynchronous processing by queueing them. It works in the following manner: Job Submission: You can submit jobs for asynchronous processing through a Queueable class.

How many records we can process using Queueable apex?

The difference between queueable and Batch Apex (which all belong to asynchronous Apex), is that you would use Batch Apex whenever you are processing a larger number of records compared to queueable. Batch Apex jobs are limited to five tasks running simultaneously, whereas queueable jobs can run up to 100!

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