# How To Do a Chi-Square Test in Excel (With 2 Methods)

Calculate the chi square p value Excel: Steps
1. Step 1: Calculate your expected value. …
2. Step 2: Type your data into columns in Excel. …
3. Step 3: Click a blank cell anywhere on the worksheet and then click the “Insert Function” button on the toolbar.
4. Step 4: Type “Chi” in the Search for a Function box and then click “Go.”

Chi-square is an invaluable tool for exploring data. It allows us to test the relationship between two categorical variables, and can provide valuable insights into the relationships between different groups of data. This is particularly useful for researchers and data analysts who are working with large amounts of data. Excel is a powerful tool for analyzing data, and it is possible to use it to perform chi-square tests. In this blog post, we will provide step-by-step instructions on how to use Excel to do a chi-square test. With this knowledge, you will be able to test the relationship between two categorical variables, and gain valuable insights into the data you are working with. Whether you are a researcher, data analyst, or just someone who wants to explore their data more thoroughly, this guide should help you get started.

## How to do a chi-square test in Excel

Heres how to do a chi-square test in Excel:

### 1. Set up 4 columns

Enter your categories and observed data in their respective columns. These actions take into account a scenario where a teacher wants to estimate the likelihood that a student will celebrate their birthday in the first half versus the second half of the year. The following is an illustration of how their spreadsheet might look if they polled 500 students:

ABC1Category**Observed data**Expected data2January-June260
3July-December240
4

### 2. Calculate the expected data

Before collecting actual data, you predict the results, which is known as the expected data. Totaling the observed data and dividing it by the number of categories will yield this value. The teacher could enter the formula “=SUM(B2:B3)” into B4 in the preceding example to obtain 500, which represents the total number of students the teacher surveyed.

Then, the teacher could enter the formula “=B4/2” into C2. The teacher anticipates that 250 students will enter their January birthdays in this formula. The last step is to duplicate this formula across all of the rows in the “Expected data” column. The aforementioned example would show the 250 expected data for the number of students with birthdays between January and June and July and December.

### 3. Calculate the p-value

Designate a cell to contain the p-value. In this cell, type “=CHISQ. TEST” and press “Enter” on your keyboard. Enter the observed data as the first argument, followed by a comma, and the expected data. Add a closing parenthesis and press “Enter. ” In the example above, the formula would be: “=CHISQ. TEST(B2:B3, C2:C3). ” Pressing “Enter” yields a result of 0. 3710933695.

### 4. Compare the p-value to alpha

The value of alpha represents level significance, or the likelihood that your results were obtained by chance. Consider the teacher in the aforementioned example assigning a standard alpha value of 0. 05. You can decide whether to accept the null hypothesis or the expected values by comparing your p-value to the alpha. Because the p-value of 0. 3710933695 is greater than 0. 05, it implies that the observed and expected data are consistent.

## What is a chi-square?

A statistical test for evaluating whether to accept or reject the null hypothesis is the chi-square test. To determine the p-value, one must compare the observed and expected values. To determine whether the null hypothesis is true, you can compare the p-value, also known as the significance level, to the alpha value. The chi-square test is frequently used by researchers to assess the fairness of their sampling groups and to examine the relationships between various variables. This test can also be used by financial analysts to predict investment advice more precisely.

## How to do a chi-square test in Excel when comparing multiple categories

Here’s how to conduct an Excel chi-square test when comparing several categories:

### 1. Set up an “Observed data” table

Create rows in your spreadsheet for each of the variables in your first category. Create columns for every row in your second category after that. Add a final row and column to calculate the totals. Title this table “Observed data. “Add a formula that computes the total of all the values in each row or column to the “Total” cells. Note that the total sample size is determined by the final “Total” cell in the bottom-right corner of the table.

After compiling survey data, a student who wants to examine the gender distribution of a high school’s enrollment might make the “Observed data” table shown below:

ABCD1
Male**Female**Total2Freshman101992003Sophomore1271232504Junior1101152255Senior1141112256Total452448900### 2. Create an “Expected data” table

For the “Observed data” table, pick the titles and information that you entered. Right-click and select “Copy. Choose a cell in the spreadsheet that is empty and has enough room above and below it. Right-click, click “Paste special” and select “Values. ” Label this table “Expected data. Press “Delete” on your keyboard to remove all values other than the totals from your selection.

### 3. Calculate the expected values

Calculate the expected value for each empty cell in the “Expected data” table. Enter a formula in the first empty cell that divides the product of the total values for each category by the total sample size. The formula for cell B2 in the preceding illustration would be: “=SUM((B6*D2)/D6) ” Repeat this process for all the other empty cells.

### 4. Calculate the p-value

Choose a cell not included in the tables “Observed data” and “Expected data.” Type “=CHISQ. TEST” and press “Enter” on your keyboard. Choose the expected values in the “Expected data” table after entering a comma after the observed values in the “Observed data” table. Ensure to exclude totals in your selections. Add a closing parenthesis and press “Enter” on your keyboard.

### 5. Compare the p-value to alpha

Finally, you can assess the validity of the null hypothesis by comparing the p-value and alpha value. This example yields a p-value of 0. Less than the default alpha value of 0, 0004261512268 05. Despite the data deviating from the expected values, it suggests that the gender distribution across the various grade levels in the observed data is accurate in larger sample sizes.

## FAQ

How do you do a chi-square step by step?

Let us look at the step-by-step approach to calculate the chi-square value:
1. The first step is to deduct each expected frequency from the corresponding observed frequency.
2. Step 2: Square each value obtained in step 1, i. e. (O-E)2.
3. Step 3: Subtract all of the values obtained in step 2 from the corresponding anticipated frequencies. e. (O-E)2/E.

What is the chi square test called in Excel?

The CHISQ. Using Excel’s TEST statistical function, you can determine the chi-square statistic for two variables in a dataset.

How do you do a 2×2 chi square test in Excel?

The CHISQ. Using Excel’s TEST statistical function, you can determine the chi-square statistic for two variables in a dataset.

How do you find p value using chi-square in Excel?

The CHISQ. Using Excel’s TEST statistical function, you can determine the chi-square statistic for two variables in a dataset.