How To Convert Footnotes to Endnotes in Word (Plus Tips)

  1. To convert all footnotes to endnotes: At the bottom of a page, right-click the footnote text area, click Note Options, and then click Convert. …
  2. To convert one footnote to an endnote: At the bottom of the page, right-click the text of a footnote, and then click Convert to Endnote.

How to Convert Individual Footnotes to Endnotes in Microsoft Word

When to use endnotes

There are several situations where endnotes may be necessary:


Depending on formatting requirements, you might use endnotes after quotes. These enable you to end a text with citations for each quote. Endnotes for quotations frequently include the names of the original authors, the original works, and the publication dates.


References to other subjects or works might require endnotes. Endnotes can direct readers to the conclusion to find more pertinent information if you discuss something in your text that isn’t generally known. This makes it easier to elucidate supplemental material while minimizing reader interruptions.


You might use endnotes to include copyright information. Credits are frequently given to whoever published the materials first in this case. Publisher information and the year of the original publication are typically included in copyright information.

What is an endnote?

A note that appears at the end of a text is called an endnote. These are frequently numbered references that further explain ideas from the text. Authors may use numbers throughout a piece of writing to indicate that a word, quote, or piece of information needs more details or citations. Following that, the author lists these sources at the end of the text, matching the details to the numbers.

How to convert footnotes to endnotes in Word in 3 methods

You can change footnotes to endnotes in Word in a number of ways, including:

1. Converting all footnotes to endnotes

You can adhere to these steps to quickly change all of your footnotes to endnotes:

2. Converting a single footnote to an endnote

You can do the following if you want to change one or more footnotes to endnotes:

You can highlight each footnote’s text and follow the steps above to convert multiple footnotes on the same page.

3. Converting manually

The steps listed below can be used to manually convert footnotes to endnotes:

Tips for using endnotes in Word

Here are some pointers for using Word’s endnotes:

Check formatting requirements

You might need to format references and citations differently depending on the type of writing you’re doing. Some of the common uses of endnotes include:

Preview your text

When you preview your text, you can make sure that it prints out as you expect it to. To see a preview of how it will appear, select “Print” from the file menu. By choosing one of the options under “View” in the taskbar, you can also examine the web design and a larger sample of your paper.

Format endnote text

You can format your endnote text in the same way that you do with the regular text in a document. These frequently have default settings for standard formatting, so you might only format if a project has a particular requirement. By highlighting the endnote text, you can change the font’s color and size, adjust the justification, bold specific words, and other formatting options.

Adjust endnote settings

You can change a number of settings when you create or convert a new endnote, including:

FAQs for understanding and converting footnotes to endnotes

Here are some common questions about converting and using endnotes:

When do I use endnotes instead of footnotes?

This depends on the formatting and project requirements. Getting advice from your manager or instructor could help you decide which to choose. You could use footnotes to add more details on the same page as a reference. Since footnotes fit at the bottom of a page, endnotes also let you elaborate on ideas.

How are footnotes and endnotes different from footers?

Page numbers, chapter summaries, or other running text that can be applied to every page are frequently found in footers. These could be used to display your name or the title of your work. These are distinct from footnotes and endnotes because they call for connections to information contained in the text itself.

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How do I convert footnotes to endnotes?

Change a footnote to an endnote by Control + Clicking the footnote text and selecting Convert to Endnote. Control + Click the endnote text and select Convert to Footnote to convert an endnote to a footnote. Select the footnotes or endnotes you want to convert before you Control + Click.

How do I convert footnotes to References in Word?

Word for Windows (365, 2016, 2010, and 2007)
  1. Open the document and select the References tab.
  2. The launcher for the Footnote & Endnote Dialog Box (depicted as a tiny square in the tab’s bottom right corner) should be clicked.
  3. Then click “Convert…”.
  4. Click “OK” , “Apply”, or the “X” to exit.

How do I convert References to endnotes?

Click the “convert citations” dropdown menu on the EndNote tab in the Word ribbon (the line with the “home,” “insert,” and “view” options). Select “Convert Reference Manager citations to EndNote. Go to EndNote and choose your preferred style and layout Click OK – and now you’re done!.

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