How to Answer PL/SQL Interview Questions Like a Pro

As the demand for PL/SQL developers continues to rise, acing PL/SQL interviews has become crucial for advancing your career in this field. PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is a powerful procedural language created by Oracle, providing iteration and decision-making functionalities. In this article, we’ll explore effective strategies to help you tackle PL/SQL interview questions with confidence.

Understanding PL/SQL and Its Importance

Before diving into interview preparation, it’s essential to grasp the fundamentals of PL/SQL and its significance in the database world. PL/SQL is an extension of SQL (Structured Query Language), designed to overcome SQL’s limitations in building and handling complex applications.

SQL, while powerful for data manipulation, lacks features like decision-making, looping, and branching. PL/SQL addresses these shortcomings by combining SQL’s data manipulation capabilities with procedural programming constructs. This fusion allows developers to write more efficient and robust applications, leading to improved performance and maintainability.

Preparing for PL/SQL Interview Questions

To excel in PL/SQL interviews, you need to adopt a well-rounded approach that covers both theoretical knowledge and practical coding skills. Here are some essential steps to follow:

  1. Master the Basics: Thoroughly understand the core concepts of PL/SQL, such as data types, control structures (loops, conditionals), exceptions, cursors, triggers, functions, procedures, and packages. These form the foundation of PL/SQL programming and are likely to be tested in interviews.

  2. Practice Coding: Hands-on coding experience is crucial. Solve coding problems, write PL/SQL programs, and practice implementing different scenarios. This will not only reinforce your understanding but also improve your problem-solving abilities.

  3. Understand Database Concepts: PL/SQL is closely tied to database management systems, primarily Oracle. Familiarize yourself with database concepts like tables, indexes, transactions, and data manipulation language (DML) statements.

  4. Study Common Interview Questions: Prepare for frequently asked PL/SQL interview questions by going through online resources, books, and practice materials. Understand the reasoning behind each question and develop a structured approach to answering them.

  5. Mock Interviews: Practice mock interviews with friends, colleagues, or online platforms. This will help you get comfortable with the interview environment, improve your communication skills, and identify areas for improvement.

Types of PL/SQL Interview Questions

PL/SQL interview questions can be broadly categorized into the following types:

Basic PL/SQL Interview Questions

These questions typically focus on fundamental PL/SQL concepts and syntax. Some examples include:

  • What is the significance of using PL/SQL?
  • Explain the basic structure of a PL/SQL block.
  • What are the different data types available in PL/SQL?
  • Differentiate between implicit and explicit cursors.
  • How do you write comments in PL/SQL code?

Intermediate PL/SQL Interview Questions

These questions delve deeper into PL/SQL concepts and require a more comprehensive understanding. Examples include:

  • Explain the PL/SQL execution architecture.
  • Differentiate between SQL and PL/SQL.
  • What is the importance of %TYPE and %ROWTYPE data types in PL/SQL?
  • Describe the different cursor types and their uses.
  • What is the difference between ROLLBACK and ROLLBACK TO statements in PL/SQL?

Advanced PL/SQL Interview Questions

Advanced questions are designed to test your in-depth knowledge and problem-solving abilities. These may include:

  • Explain the concept of mutating and constraining tables in PL/SQL.
  • How can you debug your PL/SQL code?
  • What is the difference between runtime errors and syntax errors in PL/SQL?
  • Discuss the concept of Raise_application_error in PL/SQL.
  • Describe polymorphism in PL/SQL and its applications.

Scenario-based PL/SQL Interview Questions

In addition to theoretical questions, you may encounter scenario-based or coding questions that require you to write PL/SQL programs or solve specific problems. These could include:

  • Write a PL/SQL program to find the sum of digits of a given number.
  • Create a PL/SQL function to validate email addresses.
  • Write a PL/SQL procedure to calculate the number of working days between two dates.
  • Implement a trigger to enforce a business rule in a database table.

Tips for Answering PL/SQL Interview Questions

While preparing for PL/SQL interviews, keep the following tips in mind:

  • Understand the Question Thoroughly: Take your time to comprehend the question before attempting to answer. If something is unclear, don’t hesitate to ask for clarification.

  • Explain Your Thought Process: Interviewers are often interested in your problem-solving approach and thought process. Verbalize your thought process as you work through the question.

  • Use Examples: Whenever possible, use examples to illustrate your explanations. This can help the interviewer better understand your reasoning and knowledge.

  • Be Confident and Calm: Interviews can be stressful, but it’s essential to remain calm and confident. Take deep breaths, speak clearly, and maintain a positive attitude.

  • Admit If You Don’t Know: It’s perfectly acceptable to admit if you don’t know the answer to a question. However, you can demonstrate your problem-solving skills by explaining how you would approach finding the solution.

  • Ask Relevant Questions: Don’t hesitate to ask clarifying questions if needed. This shows your engagement and interest in fully understanding the problem.

  • Practice, Practice, Practice: The more you practice, the more comfortable and confident you’ll become in answering PL/SQL interview questions.


Acing PL/SQL interviews requires a combination of theoretical knowledge, practical coding skills, and effective communication abilities. By following the strategies outlined in this article, you can significantly improve your chances of success in PL/SQL interviews. Remember, preparation is key – dedicate time and effort to mastering PL/SQL concepts, practicing coding exercises, and familiarizing yourself with common interview questions. With persistence and determination, you can confidently showcase your PL/SQL expertise and increase your chances of landing your dream job.

PL/SQL Interview Questions and Answers | Top PL/SQL Interview Questions | Intellipaat


How do you answer P&L interview questions?

This is more of a mindset than anything. Tell them, though you were not directly responsible for p&l, that you understand it on a fundamental level and that you are looking forward to coming up to speed in this area and being in a position where you will have a more active role with it.

What is the best answer for Tell me yourself?

Here’s how to best answer “tell me about yourself”: Introduce yourself, tell them who you are and what you do. Then, talk about your past work experience, key responsibilities, and skills. Mention your relevant achievements. Finally, explain how your strengths can contribute to the company.

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