Demand Schedule: Definition, Examples and Why It’s Important

What is a demand schedule?

Why are demand schedules important?

By collecting and analyzing data to forecast future demand for materials or goods based on their price, economists create demand schedules. These are some reasons why demand schedules are important:

What is a demand schedule?

A demand schedule is a table that depicts the connection between a product’s price and the volume of that product consumers buy. Customers decide how much or how many of a product to buy based on its price, which is known as the demand. Demand schedules typically show that demand decreases as a product’s price rises. This holds true for the opposite as well, as demand typically rises as a product’s price decreases.

A demand curve is created when the data from a demand schedule is plotted onto a graph. Usually, you plot the product’s price along the vertical axis and its quantity along the horizontal axis. The relationship between cost and demand can be visualized more clearly using a demand curve.

What’s included in a demand schedule?

All demand schedules include data on a product’s price and the quantity of that product that is most in demand. There are additional values that you can choose to include in a demand schedule even though these are always present. These are various components of demand schedules:

Demand schedule examples

Depending on who prepares them and the product they pertain to, demand schedules may take on different forms. Here are three examples of demand schedules:

Example One

Let’s say the cost of coffee beans increased by 54 cents per pound. 8%. Despite the sharp price increase, only 2 fewer pounds of coffee beans were bought overall. 13%. We can infer from this data that coffee beans are a relatively inelastic good.

The demand pattern for coffee beans over a nine-month period is as follows:

Month/YearPrice per poundQuantity (in pounds)01/211.268.00002/211.337.95003/211.347.95004/211.457.94505/211.557.89506/211.627.86507/211.837.84508/211.907.83509/211.957.830### Example two

Imagine someone looking for a water bottle and finding one they like for $10. They choose to purchase one for each member of their household due to the cost. They might decide to buy fewer water bottles as the price rises. For instance, once the cost reaches $20, they might decide to buy just one each for themselves and their spouse but not for their kids. They only purchase one when the cost reaches $25.

The manufacturer of water bottles could use this data to create a demand schedule that looks something like this to determine how much to charge for their bottles:

Price per water bottleNumber of bottles bought by household (by price per bottle)$104$153$202$251###

An airline prepares a demand schedule for their airline tickets. They separate the demand based on whether it is a domestic flight or an international flight, and they include the cost of the tickets. They can evaluate how changes in their prices affect both of their markets by setting up their demand schedule in this manner.

This is their demand schedule:

Price per ticketDomestic demandInternational demandTotal demand$5002017991,000$550594395989$600465409874$650637219856$700531276807$800497298


What do you mean by demand schedule?

A demand schedule in economics is a table that displays the quantity demanded of a good or service at various price points. On a graph, a demand schedule can be represented as a continuous demand curve with the Y axis showing price and the X axis showing quantity.

What is an example of demand schedule in economics?

A table displaying the quantity demanded at each price is known as a demand schedule. A graph of the quantity demanded at each price is called a demand curve. Because it is a graphical representation of the demand schedules, the demand curve is occasionally also referred to as a demand schedule.

How do you make a demand schedule?

A table or graph can be used to display an example from the gasoline market. A demand schedule is a table, such as Table 1, that displays the quantity demanded at each price. In this instance, cost is expressed as dollars per gasoline gallon.

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