Mastering Batch Apex: The Ultimate Guide to Acing Your Interview

In the ever-evolving world of Salesforce development, Batch Apex is a powerful tool that every aspiring Salesforce professional should master. Whether you’re a seasoned developer or just starting your journey, acing the Batch Apex interview questions can be the key to landing your dream job. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll dive deep into the most commonly asked questions, providing you with the knowledge and strategies you need to stand out from the competition.

Understanding Batch Apex: The Foundation

Before we delve into the interview questions, let’s establish a solid understanding of Batch Apex and its significance in the Salesforce ecosystem.

Batch Apex is an asynchronous processing framework that allows developers to execute long-running operations without encountering governor limits or timeouts. It’s particularly useful when dealing with large data sets or resource-intensive tasks that would otherwise exceed the limits imposed by synchronous Apex code.

The Batch Apex architecture revolves around three core methods:

  1. Start(): This method initializes the batch job by retrieving the records or data to be processed. It returns either a QueryLocator object or an Iterable containing the data.

  2. Execute(context, scope): This method performs the actual processing logic for each batch of records. It takes two parameters: context (a reference to the Database.BatchableContext object) and scope (a list of records or objects to be processed).

  3. Finish(context): This method is called after all batches have been processed and is typically used for post-processing tasks, such as sending notifications or performing cleanup operations.

With this foundational knowledge in place, let’s dive into the most common Batch Apex interview questions and their respective solutions.

Frequently Asked Batch Apex Interview Questions

1. What is the difference between using a QueryLocator and an Iterable in the Start() method?

When using a QueryLocator, the governor limit for the total number of records retrieved by SOQL queries is bypassed, allowing you to query up to 50 million records. However, with an Iterable, the governor limit for the total number of records retrieved by SOQL queries still applies.

2. How do you invoke a Batch Apex class?

To invoke a Batch Apex class, you need to instantiate it and then call the Database.executeBatch method, passing the instance as a parameter. Optionally, you can also pass a second parameter to specify the batch size (the number of records to be processed in each Execute method call).


MyBatchClass batchInstance = new MyBatchClass();Database.executeBatch(batchInstance, 200); // 200 is the batch size

3. Can you maintain state across transactions in Batch Apex?

By default, Batch Apex is stateless, meaning that each execution of a batch job is considered a discrete transaction. However, if you specify Database.Stateful in the class definition, you can maintain state across all transactions. Instance member variables retain their values between transactions, allowing you to count, summarize, or perform cumulative operations on records as they’re processed.

4. When should you use Batch Apex instead of Queueable Apex?

You should use Batch Apex if you have more than one batch of records to process. If you don’t have enough records to run more than one batch, you should use Queueable Apex instead, as it’s more lightweight and efficient for smaller workloads.

5. How can you monitor the progress of a Batch Apex job?

You can monitor the progress of a Batch Apex job by navigating to the “Apex Jobs” page in the Salesforce Setup. This page provides information about the status of your batch jobs, including start and end times, and any errors that may have occurred during execution.

6. Can you call a Batch Apex class from another Batch Apex class?

Yes, you can call one Batch Apex class from another Batch Apex class, but you should do so only from the Finish method. Attempting to call a Batch Apex class from the Start or Execute method will result in a runtime error.

7. How can you make callouts (HTTP requests) in a Batch Apex class?

To make callouts (HTTP requests) in a Batch Apex class, you need to implement the Database.AllowsCallouts interface. This interface allows you to bypass the default restriction on making callouts from Apex code.

8. What are the execution limits for Batch Apex jobs?

The maximum number of batch executions is 250,000 per 24 hours. Additionally, there is a limit of 5 concurrent batch jobs executing at any given time.

9. Can you test Batch Apex classes using Apex tests?

Yes, you can test Batch Apex classes using Apex tests. To do this, you need to enclose your asynchronous code within the Test.startTest and Test.stopTest methods. This ensures that the asynchronous code is executed synchronously during the test execution.


@isTestprivate class MyBatchTest {    @isTest static void testMyBatch() {        // Setup test data        List<Account> accounts = TestDataFactory.createAccounts(200);        insert accounts;        Test.startTest();        MyBatchClass batchInstance = new MyBatchClass();        Database.executeBatch(batchInstance);        Test.stopTest();        // Assert expected results        // ...    }}

10. Can you chain multiple Batch Apex jobs together?

Yes, you can chain multiple Batch Apex jobs together by invoking a new batch job from the Finish method of the previous batch job. This technique is particularly useful when you have complex or multi-step processing requirements.


global class MyBatchClass implements Database.Batchable<sObject>, Database.AllowsCallouts {    global void finish(Database.BatchableContext context) {        // Invoke the next batch job        Database.executeBatch(new NextBatchClass());    }}

These are just a few examples of the many Batch Apex interview questions you may encounter. By thoroughly understanding the concepts, practicing coding exercises, and staying up-to-date with the latest Salesforce releases, you’ll be well-prepared to tackle any Batch Apex challenge that comes your way.


Mastering Batch Apex is a crucial step in becoming a proficient Salesforce developer. By familiarizing yourself with the common interview questions and their solutions, you’ll not only increase your chances of acing the interview but also deepen your understanding of this powerful asynchronous processing framework.

Remember, preparation is key. Practice coding exercises, stay curious, and continuously expand your knowledge. With dedication and perseverance, you’ll be well on your way to securing your dream job in the Salesforce ecosystem.

Salesforce Batch apex Interview questions || salesforce developer || batch apex notes


What is batch apex in Salesforce interview questions?

What is Batch Apex ? Answer: Batch Apex is used for a large number of records, data is divided into small batches of records, and then these batches will be executed. Batch class is generally used to process bulk records together so that we have a greater governor limit when compared to the synchronous code.

How to get failed records in batch apex?

Once you get a batch to fail, you should get an email or have a record created with the error details. If you set it up to create custom objects then check out the Batch Apex Error tab to see the errors, otherwise check your email.

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