What Is Invoice Discounting? Definition and How It Works

Invoice discounting is probably the simplest form of invoice finance. As with all types of invoice finance, with invoice discounting you sell unpaid invoices to a lender and they give you a cash advance that’s a percentage of the invoice’s value.

By receiving a portion of the invoices’ value and paying a fee, invoice financing enables you to monetize your business’s unpaid invoices. As a result, firms in need of a temporary infusion of short-term capital receive funds immediately rather than having to wait for customer payments. Discover how invoice discounting is different from invoice factoring by reading on.

What is Invoice Discounting?

How does invoice discounting work?

With a business partner who focuses on this type of financing, invoice discounting operates. Invoice discounting functions as a small loan secured by the money you anticipate receiving and is connected to your accounts receivable ledger. Perhaps you could compare it to overdraft protection in a personal bank account. Many aspects of your business remain constant, such as providing goods and services and getting paid. Here is an example of how invoice discounting typically proceeds for a business or company:

To cover the interest, risk, and expenses of providing the funds, the invoice discounting company charges typically between 1% and 3% of the total amount. Additionally, you can decide to open a trust account with the invoice discounting business so that you can receive payment when your customers pay their invoices. This greatly reduces the likelihood of nonpayment while also maintaining confidentiality, so some lenders might require it. Invoice discounting is also known as receivables financing or accounts receivable financing.

What is invoice discounting?

You can access money from unpaid invoices using the expert accounting and financing technique known as invoice discounting before customers pay them. Companies that offer invoice discounts lend you money for the value of your invoices, frequently up to 95%. As soon as you receive payment from the customer invoices, you repay the loan amount. Because invoice discounting is frequently private, your clients may not be aware of it. Traditionally, there are two kinds of invoice discounting:

In contrast to invoice factoring, which is a sale when a business purchases unpaid invoices at a discount and takes on credit control, invoice discounting is a loan. Invoice factoring, which is rarely confidential like invoice discounting, entails a different company contacting your customers to collect a payment, which could be detrimental to your company’s reputation. While invoice factoring is typically approved for smaller businesses, invoice discounting frequently carries more risk than invoice factoring, and frequently larger businesses with established clients have more access to discounting options.

Why use invoice discounting?

There are several business-related reasons to use invoice discounting. Here are five to know:

Advance funding

Instead of waiting weeks for a customer bill to be paid, you may be able to use invoice discounting to get access to money right away. If any of your clientele takes a long time to pay their bill, this cash flow can be especially beneficial for smaller, growing businesses without the commitment of commercial or business loans. Better cash flow is frequently a sign of a successful, enduring business. In contrast to traditional loan processes, invoice discounting contracts frequently do not require you to provide specific information about how the funding will be used.

Affordability and simplicity

Additionally, invoice discounting may be used because it is frequently less expensive, quicker, and simpler to do so than to obtain capital funding or traditional bank loans. Although the application procedures may be similar, invoice discounting frequently offers easier approval than banks. Compare fees, costs, and client testimonials when looking into invoice discounting companies. Remember that testimonials are frequently private, just like the service itself. You can also seek advice on using invoice discounting services from your accountant or business analyst.

Business forecasting

You can also predict your revenue and cash flow by using invoice discounting, which you can use to plan your business strategy and make important decisions. Here are a few examples of how you could use the money you receive in advance from invoice discounting:

In accordance with your company’s requirements, you can frequently enter into seasonal contracts or work with invoice discounting companies for a set period of time.


You might use invoice discounting because its a confidential process . Even with a trust account in place, billing and payment for customer invoices continue as usual. Additionally, you retain responsibility for obtaining payment from your clients and customers rather than an invoice discounting business. Depending on your clients’ payment practices or histories, you may not be able to recover the invoice discounting costs.

Lender perspective

Invoice financing differs from traditional loans from a lenders perspective. If you can’t pay back a line of credit loan, there may be little chance for collection. By providing collateral to a lender through invoice discounting, you increase your chances of being approved. Lenders can lower risks by limiting the percentage of your invoice value they advance. For instance, an invoice discount company might decide to provide up to 85% of your invoice accounts rather than 100% of your invoice amount.

Example of invoice discounting

An illustration of invoice discounting using a sole proprietorship lawn care business is provided below:

The commercial clients that Two Green Thumbs lawn care company primarily serves with landscaping and maintenance services The business owner bills clients with bimonthly invoices and has contracts with several local hospitals, two colleges, and a sports arena. Due to the fact that Two Green Thumbs is also planning to expand its operations in a nearby city, having access to invoice funds earlier enables the company owner to hire personnel and book office space. He collaborates with an invoice discounting business to covertly obtain loans for his current client invoice base, which allows him to access funds about three months earlier than if he were to wait for client payments alone.

With a quarterly invoice value of $300,000 for Two Green Thumbs, the invoice discounting company charges a 3% fee for its services. Despite the fact that Two Green Thumbs will have to pay $9,000 for the invoice discounting service, the owner of the company sees value in being able to access the money more quickly rather than getting a conventional business loan.


What is the process of invoice discounting?

Invoice discounting steps
  1. Invoice customers. First, provide products and services to customers. …
  2. Send invoice details. For invoice discounting, send the invoices to your lender or financial provider.
  3. Receive funds. The lender gives you a percentage of the invoice’s value.
  4. Invoice collection. …
  5. Invoice balance is available.

Is invoice discounting a good idea?

A fantastic investment choice that offers high returns and market volatility protection is invoice discounting. The assets that KredX investors invest in our services or goods for which invoices serving as proof of task completion have already been provided

What is the difference between bill discounting and invoice discounting?

In invoice factoring, the customer pays the factor-company directly. In invoice discounting, the customer pays the company as normal. Full sales ledger and collections services are available in invoice factoring. In invoice discounting, these services are not included.

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