The Parts of an Argument (With Definition and Examples)

Instead, argument investigates the communicative aspects of reasoning. Arguments can be divided into four general components: claim, reason, support, and warrant.

Parts of an Argument

What are the parts of an argument?

An argument consists of five major parts:


Your claim serves as the paper’s or report’s main point and should be written with the express intent of changing the reader’s behavior or perspective. Regardless of whether they concur, your audience should understand the necessity of the claim and form their own opinion about it. Therefore, it is crucial that you clearly explain why the claim is significant by:

Well-developed claims typically have a narrow focus. Additionally, rather than using words like “always” or “all,” they frequently use “often,” “most,” and “many.” “.


Your justifications for making your claim may be based on personal experience, moral principles, or logical arguments. Although reasoning is crucial, it should be supported by evidence.


You must offer proof to back up your claim if you want readers to accept your point of view. Data or facts that help you interpret or analyze your arguments can be evidence. It’s crucial to provide evidence that is relevant to your target audience and more likely to persuade them of the truth of your assertion. To achieve this, you should become familiar with the general priorities and values of your audience.

Along with picking evidence that will persuade your readers, you should also make sure that you are obtaining accurate data from reliable sources. Be sure to properly credit your sources and offer sufficient proof to persuade your audience. Additional methods for locating and using proof to substantiate your claims comprise:


The presumptions, prevalent notions, and justificational tenets that link your evidence and reasoning together are known as warrants. Although warrants are based on logic, whether explicit or implicit, you still need to provide enough proof to support your claim. You might say, for instance, “I need a new coat because it’s getting cold and my current one is too big on me.” “In this instance, your warrant, or shared conviction, is that clothing should be replaced when it no longer fits properly.

Even though this warrant is obvious to most people and provides sufficient support for your claim that you need a new coat, you still need to provide proof that your current coat is ineffective in order to persuade your audience to agree with your claim. It’s crucial to back up your claims with evidence because, even if the audience agrees with your claims, they might not agree with the evidence you offer.

Conversely, some people might dispute your assertion because they don’t agree with your justification. People in your audience might, for instance, think that your coat should be modified to fit you better rather than completely replaced.

Acknowledgment and response

An effective argument acknowledges opposing positions and responds to them. This can benefit your argument because it:

It is essential that you present an opposing viewpoint in an impartial manner to avoid misrepresenting it. Additionally helping you establish trust with your readers, this is a moral strategy. Recognize the elements of the argument that seem persuasive after you’ve presented the opposing viewpoint. This might force you to concede some ground, making it more difficult for you to find common ground and temper your claim.

You should also mention and address any points that you believe to be false. Support your counterpoints and refutations with evidence.

What is an argument?

An argument simply refers to the expression of a position on a subject that is then backed up by data when writing a report or paper. You can create documents that are both informative and compelling by building a solid argument. It is necessary to take a position on a particular issue, introduce the subject in a way that establishes your viewpoint as reasonable, and offer reasoning and supporting evidence in order to develop an argument effectively.

How to craft an effective argument

To write a well-developed argument, follow these simple steps:

Example arguments

You can use the following examples of argumentative excerpts as a template when writing your own:

Example of a claim

This assertion is strong because it concentrates on a single problem that can be adequately addressed in a paper or report.

When a new child is born or introduced, parents should be given guaranteed parental leave. “.

Example of a reason

Your argument’s rationale needs to make an appeal that is either experiential, ethical, or logical in order to be persuasive. This justification makes it clear how the claim came to be made and alluded to the fact that it was supported by evidence.

Parents can perform better in their jobs if they are given guaranteed parental leave because they have more time to adjust to their new role, responsibilities, and lifestyle. “.

Example of evidence

Your supporting arguments should be supported by compelling, reliable evidence. In this instance, the source has established credibility in this field, making it a solid piece of proof.

According to a study published in 2016 by the National Library of Medicine, businesses that provide extended and paid parental leave have lower employee turnover rates. “.


What are the 5 parts of an argument?

Information is used, but it is arranged in accordance with the five main parts of an argument: the claim, the justification, the supporting evidence, and the counterclaim.

What are the 3 parts of an argument?

Another aspect of understanding arguments is to examine the parts. There are three main parts to an argument: premises, inferences, and a conclusion.

What are the 5 elements of a strong argument?

The Five Parts of Argument
  • Claim;
  • Reason;
  • Evidence;
  • Warrant;
  • Acknowledgement and Response.

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