The Complete Guide to JavaScript Objects Interview Questions

As of 2024, there are approximately 370. 8 million JavaScript libraries and functions detected on the web. Additionally, JavaScript is detected on around 6. 5 million of the top million websites. All of the major web browsers support JavaScript, which shows how widely used it is in web development. Google and Facebook use it to make complex web apps that work like desktop apps. With the launch of Node. js, It has also become one of the most popular languages for building server-side software. Today, even the web isn’t big enough to contain JavaScript’s versatility. I think you already know these things, which is why you’re reading this article about JavaScript Interview Questions.

Right now is the best time to start if you want to work with JavaScript and learn the skills you need. You can learn more about JavaScript and get ready for interviews with the help of our JavaScript training, JavaScript interview questions, and Java Certification program.

JavaScript objects are a fundamental part of the language and mastering them is key for any aspiring front-end developer. With the rise in popularity of JavaScript frameworks like React and Angular, having a solid grasp of objects will help you stand out in technical interviews.

That’s why I’ve put together this comprehensive guide on JavaScript objects interview questions. Whether you’re prepping for your next coding interview or want to test your own understanding, these questions will take your JavaScript knowledge to the next level.

Let’s start with the basics:

What are JavaScript Objects?

Objects in JavaScript are standalone entities that contain a collection of key-value pairs. The keys are strings that represent the property names, while the values can be primitives like strings or numbers, functions, or other objects.

Objects represent real-world things like a car, person, product in code They allow us to bundle data and functionality together to create more complex programs

Some common ways to create objects include:

  • Object literals: const person = {name: 'John', age: 30}
  • Object constructor: const person = new Object()
  • ES6 Classes: class Person { constructor(name) { = name; } }

Now let’s look at some common interview questions on JavaScript objects

1. How are JavaScript objects different from arrays?

The main differences are:

  • Structure Objects use key-value pairs; arrays use indexed positions

  • Key Types: Object keys are always strings; array indices can be numbers.

  • Length: Object lengths are dynamic; arrays have fixed length.

  • Access: Object properties accessed via . or []; array elements via index.

  • Use cases: Objects for more complex, unstructured data; arrays for ordered, simple data.

2. What is the significance of using object literals in JavaScript?

Object literals provide a simple, convenient way to create new object instances in JavaScript. Some key advantages are:

  • Minimal syntax required to define and create new objects
  • Properties and methods can be defined directly in the literal
  • Objects can be nested within other objects
  • Quick way to create disposable objects for one-time use
  • Lightweight option for encapsulating related data and behavior

Overall, object literals help reduce repetitive code and improve readability and structure when creating multiple similar objects.

3. What are the differences between dot and bracket notation for accessing object properties?

Dot notation ( can only be used when the property name is a valid identifier. Bracket notation (object[‘property’]) allows accessing properties via variables, strings with special characters, or expressions.

Dot notation is cleaner and more concise when possible. Bracket notation provides more flexibility.

4. When would you use Object.assign() vs spread syntax for copying objects?

Object.assign() takes a target object and source objects, merges the source properties into the target, and returns the modified target object. Spread syntax (…) expands iterable objects into individual elements.

Use cases:

  • Object.assign(): merge properties from multiple sources into one target object
  • Spread: copy properties from one source to a new object

Spread is cleaner when copying a single object. Object.assign() allows multiple source objects.

5. How do you iterate over the properties of an object?

There are a few ways to loop over object properties:

  • loop – iterates over enumerable string properties
  • Object.keys() – returns array of keys that can be looped over
  • Object.values() – returns array of values that can be looped over
  • Object.entries() – returns array of [key, value] pairs that can be looped over

Always check hasOwnProperty() inside loops to avoid iterating over inherited properties.

6. What is the significance of this keyword in object methods?

In a method, this refers to the object the method belongs to. It provides a way for the method to access properties and other methods on the same object. Without this, object methods would need to receive the object instance as an argument explicitly.

this eliminates the need to redundantly pass the object reference around, improves encapsulation, and mimics how methods work in class-based languages.

7. How does prototypal inheritance work in JavaScript?

JavaScript uses prototypes to inherit and share properties and methods between objects. Each object has an internal [[Prototype]] link to another object called its prototype. When trying to access a property on an object:

  1. JS looks for property on object itself
  2. If not found, searches the object’s prototype chain
  3. Keeps going up prototype chain until property found or null reached

This allows sharing behavior among objects without needing class-based inheritance.

8. What are some advantages of using ES6 classes for object construction?

Some benefits of ES6 classes:

  • Provide cleaner, more concise syntax similar to classes in other languages
  • Easy to read since structure mirrors real-world objects
  • Inheritance supported using extends and super keywords
  • Constructor function runs automatically when new instance created
  • Methods aren’t enumerable so don’t show up in loops
  • Promote code encapsulation and organization using public/private class fields

Overall, ES6 classes streamline object-oriented programming patterns in JavaScript.

9. How can you achieve data encapsulation and abstraction in JavaScript?

JavaScript doesn’t have access modifiers like public or private. To achieve encapsulation and abstraction:

  • Use closures to define private variables and functions
  • Expose public methods while hiding private implementation details
  • Use getters/setters to control access to properties
  • WeakMaps can store private data separate from objects
  • Name conventions like underscore prefix for private fields
  • ES6 Symbols hide properties from enumeration
  • Modules prevent external access to variables inside the module

These help hide complex implementation details from users of objects.

10. What is a proxy object and what are some of its use cases?

A proxy object controls access to another object, called the target object. It intercepts operations like property lookup, assignment, function invocation and wraps them with custom behavior.

Use cases include:

  • Data validation
  • Hidden properties
  • Automatic object initialization
  • Logging/profiling
  • Implementing default values

Proxies let you reuse objects for different purposes without changing their code. The proxy handles it.

11. Explain shallow vs deep copying of objects in JavaScript

Shallow copy duplicates top level properties of the original object. Any nested objects are copied by reference instead of value.

Deep copy recursively clones nested objects to fully detach the object copies from each other. Changing nested data in one copy won’t affect the other.

Use cases:

  • Shallow – basic copy of simple objects
  • Deep – isolate backups or duplicates from originals

12. What is Object Destructuring in ES6?

Destructuring extracts properties from objects or arrays into distinct variables.

Object destructuring example:


const user = {name: 'John', age: 20};// ES5const name =; const age =;// ES6 destructuringconst {name, age} = user;

Benefits include:

  • Concise way to access object properties
  • Avoid repetitive object property access
  • Extract just the needed properties
  • Assign extracted values to variables with different names

Overall, destructuring cleans up working with objects and arrays.

13. What are some potential pitfalls of using JSON to handle JavaScript objects?

Issues with JSON:

  • Only supports primitive data types, not methods or functions
  • No support for circular references
  • Dates converted to strings lose original data type
  • Comments are not supported in JSON
  • Evaluating unsanitized JSON could lead to security issues
  • No error handling built-in – parsing errors crash app

Should only be used for simple data interchange, not complex object manipulation.

14. How can you make an object iterable in JavaScript?

To make objects iterable, implement a Symbol.iterator method that returns an iterator object with a next() method. This next() will return each value sequentially:


const collection = {  items: [],  *[Symbol.iterator]() {    for (let item of this.items) {      yield item;    }  }}for (let x of collection) {  console.log(x);}

Now you can loop over collection using for..of loops.

15. Explain the difference between a factory function and constructor in JavaScript

A factory function returns a new object instance. A constructor is used with new keyword to instantiate object instances.

Factory functions provide encapsulation and reuse:


function createPerson(name) {  return {    name: name  }; }const person1 = createPerson('John');

Constructors require new when instantiating:


function Person(name

Q4 What are Exports & Imports?

Imports and exports help us to write modular JavaScript code. Using Imports and exports we can split our code into multiple files. For example-.

Now with this, we have reached the final section of JS Interview Questions.

Q4 What is the difference between innerHTML & innerText?

innerHTML – It will process an HTML tag if found in a string

innerText – It will not process an HTML tag if found in a string

Javascript Interview Questions ( Objects ) – Output Based, Destructuring, Object Referencing, etc


What are objects used for in JavaScript?

An object is a collection of properties, and a property is an association between a name (or key) and a value. A property’s value can be a function, in which case the property is known as a method. Objects in JavaScript, just as in many other programming languages, can be compared to objects in real life.

What is object in Java interview questions?

An object is a physical entity
A class is a logical entity
Objects take memory space when they are created
A class does not take memory space when created
Objects can be declared as and when required
Classes are declared just once

What questions are asked in a JavaScript object interview?

Here are 20 commonly asked JavaScript Objects interview questions and answers to prepare you for your interview: 1. What are JavaScript objects? JavaScript objects are data structures that contain both properties and methods. A property is a value that is associated with an object, while a method is a function that is associated with an object.

What questions do JavaScript Object Oriented Programming interviewers ask?

Here are 20 commonly asked JavaScript Object-Oriented Programming interview questions and answers to prepare you for your interview: 1. What is object-oriented programming? Object-oriented programming is a programming paradigm that is based on the concept of objects.

How to prepare for a JavaScript interview?

Below are some tips for preparing for the interview along with some common questions and answers to help you ace your next interview. JavaScript interview questions range from the basics like explaining the different data types in JavaScript to more complicated concepts like generator functions and async and await.

What is a JavaScript Object?

JavaScript is a versatile scripting language that is used in web development to add interactivity to web pages. JavaScript Objects are data structures that can be used to store data and methods. When interviewing for a position that uses JavaScript, you may be asked questions about objects.

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