Personnel Management: Definition, Types and Benefits in the Workplace

Three types of personnel management
  • Strategic personnel management. Strategic personnel management primarily focuses on current and future staffing needs. …
  • Tactical personnel management. …
  • Operational personnel management.

Finding the right job matches for people requires both art and science. The human resources manager is an authority on organizational behavior and is gifted at spotting talent in the workforce. HR professionals work to attract and keep valuable employees by providing competitive pay, enticing benefits, opportunities for professional growth, regular performance reviews, and mentoring.

Professional recruiters are employed in human resource management to fill positions within organizations. They abide by all state and federal laws prohibiting discriminatory hiring practices, as well as their own internal hiring policies. These human resources specialists can draft job postings, review resumes, conduct interviews, and recommend candidates for hire to managers. Examples include recruiter, staffing specialist and recruitment manager.

Specialists in benefits and compensation are an example of a different category of human resources job. They ensure that employees are paid correctly. Additionally, they work to offer benefits like health insurance, dental and vision coverage, life insurance, and short-term disability coverage to employees. Professionals in this field may carry out salary surveys, examine data on salaries in the industry, create and distribute reports on employee compensation, and bargain benefit packages with external vendors.

Professionals in health and safety work to prevent occupational illnesses and accidents at work. They provide safety programs, put health and safety policies into practice, and make sure that state and federal occupational safety regulations are followed. These human resources positions include director of employee wellness, coordinator of employee wellness programs, and safety manager.

The relationship between an employer and its employees is referred to as labor relations. Contracts between managers and employees could be negotiated by someone with experience in labor relations. Employee relations personnel prevent and address performance-related issues. They strive to keep good relations between employers and employees in order to prevent morale decline and decreased productivity. Director of labor relations, employee relations specialist, and employee relations representative are among the human resources positions that are available.

Professionals in training and development determine the training needs of an organization, provide employees with training, and assess the success of completed training programs. These professionals may also conduct orientation programs for new employees. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration and other regulatory bodies require that employees complete training, and training professionals make sure that this happens. Training specialists, training and development managers, instructional designers, e-learning specialists, and managers of learning and development are among the positions in the field of training.

A business strategy used to reduce organizational risk is risk management. Risk management in human resources entails evaluating each area and determining the potential for harm. For instance, a risk management expert might investigate an organization’s hiring procedures to see if any are possibly discriminatory and could result in legal action. The potential for abuse, property loss, physical injury, and reputational harm to a company are among the risks identified during this process. Specialists in risk management and managers of risk management are among the positions that are open in this field.

The duties of other human resources professionals are supervised by human resources managers and directors. Managers may participate in company strategy meetings, act as a point of contact between staff and management, and suggest changes to the hiring and compensation procedures. A director of human resources is knowledgeable about all facets of human resource management. Directors create departmental goals and work with staff to help them be achieved. A human resources director may need to settle contentious or delicate issues, which calls for excellent conflict resolution and mediation skills.

Differences between Personnel Management and Human Resource Management.

Types of personnel management

An overview of the primary types of personnel management used in hiring choices and operations involving employee support is provided below:


The goal of strategic personnel management is to determine the best ways to support employees. This covers both present and future tactics, such as controlling turnover rates, establishing hiring guidelines, and preserving employee satisfaction. In order to promote longevity and job satisfaction, strategic personnel management also aims to offer ongoing training to help employees advance within the organization.


Tactical personnel management involves administrative planning. This includes determining how to schedule current staff members. Predicting the number of employees needed in the short- and long-term to fill positions is another aspect of it. The primary goal of tactical personnel management is to identify and select the most qualified candidates. This style of management also handles new hire orientation and training. Technical, functional, and organic staff resources are sometimes divided into three categories.


The day-to-day activities of human resources in employee relations are referred to as operational personnel management. To take care of the fundamental requirements of new hires, such as providing equipment and passwords to the company’s technology platforms, support staff in HR use operational personnel management. Additionally, this branch of personnel management organizes how benefits and ongoing assistance are provided to employees.

What is personnel management?

A company’s administrative function called personnel management is in charge of managing employee hiring, organization, and support. Personnel management, a subfield of human resources, is concerned with finding candidates who are qualified for open positions and assisting those who are already employed by the company. Additionally, this area serves as a tool for reviewing the hiring procedure and learning about employee satisfaction. Every day, personnel management experts strive to give employees the resources and equipment they need to thrive in their workplace.

Elements of personnel management

A number of components that make up personnel management are listed below:

Personnel management objectives

Personnel management objectives concentrate on particular issues in the workplace with the overall objective of providing excellent and stimulating environments for employees. Here are the main objectives in personnel management:

Retain staff

Many businesses are concerned about employee turnover, so personnel management works to keep those numbers low. One method to reduce high turnover rates is to establish a strategic hiring process. The goal of personnel management teams is to maintain staff satisfaction during and after onboarding by being open and honest about job responsibilities and workplace expectations. Managers of human resources also use incentives like competitive salaries and benefits packages to keep employees.

Equip staff

One of the main concerns for members of the personnel management team is making sure employees have the resources they require to do their jobs as effectively as possible. Providing staff with pertinent continuing education can be a crucial component in ensuring that they have the tools and knowledge necessary for their jobs. The goal of personnel management is to foster a culture of learning where employees believe they have received the training required to perform their job duties.

Engage staff

One of the main objectives of personnel management services is to assist staff in working more productively. Another area where personnel management experts plan to improve is by eliminating pointless tasks to maximize workflow. Social activities and other avenues for employee engagement can both boost employee commitment.

Benefits of personnel management

Personnel management can provide an advantage for employers and employees. The following are the key advantages of employing personnel management techniques in any organization:


What are the three elements of personnel management?

Three things make up personnel management: the organization, the job, and the people.

What is personnel management system?

Traditionally, the five basic sub-systems of the personnel management system—recruiting, placement training, compensation (pay, fringe benefits, etc.)—have received the majority of attention. ) and maintenance.

What are the 4 types of personnel management defined by Storey in 1992?

A business function known as “personnel management” is primarily responsible for handling the administrative and record-keeping needs associated with a company’s entire employee lifecycle.

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