How To Calculate Markdown in 3 Steps (With Examples)

Determine the markdown. Divide the difference between the prices by the actual selling price. Then, multiply this result by 100. The result represents the markdown percentage.

Calculate markdown costs

Why calculate markdown?

Markdowns can be beneficial for inventory. Retailers often use markdowns to reduce excess inventory. This might be useful for persuading customers to purchase niche products, or it might work to move out-of-season goods. For instance, following the conclusion of the back-to-school shopping season, a store may determine markdowns for school supplies.

Similar to this, retailers may gain a better understanding of how many units of a particular item to order in the future by looking at markdowns. High turnover rates of inventory would probably necessitate fewer markdowns. On the other hand, if inventory turnover was lower, more markdowns would probably be needed. Retailers can use this data to determine what customers want and order more of the items that are in high demand, avoiding potential markdowns and boosting profits.

What is markdown?

The term “markdown” refers to the price difference between an item’s full or original cost and its current, discounted cost. Its typically expressed as a percentage. Retailers can markdown their products and sell them for less. While this might result in lower sales for individual items, it might encourage customers to purchase more items overall, improving cash flow and ensuring the store gets rid of excess inventory.

However, markdown differs from discounts. In general, markdowns give everyone the chance to buy products for a lower price. However, some customers may be eligible for discounts, such as students or members of loyalty programs. Discounts may elicit a stronger emotional response and make customers feel valued or special, even though both may encourage customers to purchase products.

How to calculate markdown

Here are the steps to follow to calculate markdown:

1. Gather the information

Collect the information youll need for calculating the markdown. Included in this are the unit’s initial selling price as well as the actual or discounted selling price. You can probably find the majority of this information on the products themselves or in your sales records.

2. Calculate the difference

Determine the difference between the prices. Subtract the decreased selling price from the original selling price. This number is essential for the markdown formula, which is:

Markdown is equal to 100 times the difference between the two prices.

3. Determine the markdown

Subtract the actual selling price from the difference in prices. Then, multiply this result by 100. The result represents the markdown percentage.

Components of calculating markdown

It’s fairly easy to calculate markdown, and you need two numbers to finish the calculation. The first is the item’s original selling price, which is the full or initial cost. The second number you require is the item’s actual selling price, which refers to its new price following the discount.

Example markdown calculation

Review the following illustration to learn how to calculate markdown:

Doyle Furniture reduced all of its inventory by $50 to commemorate 50 years in business. Beth finds a coffee table she likes while shopping, but she wants to make sure the markdown gives her a good deal. The coffee table was originally $300, but now it can be purchased for $250.

Beth starts by calculating the price difference, which is $50. The result of her division of $50 by the current price of $250 is zero. 120. Beth calculates that the $50 discount is equal to a 20% markdown by multiplying this by 100, which she thinks is a good deal.

Difference between calculating markdown and discount

Although both markdowns and discounts lower the price of goods, these figures indicate two different things. When comparing the difference between the original price and the discounted price, markdown or markdown percentage is used. Discount, however, refers to a price reduction of a specific amount.

Heres the formula you may use to calculate discount:

Discount = (1 – markdown rate) x original selling price

Example discount calculation

To better understand how to calculate a discount, use the following example:

Irwin Shoe Company is giving all of its shoes a 20% discount in honor of its 20th anniversary. While shopping, Jacob discovers a pair of boots with an original cost of $75 that he likes. He is unsure of the price after the 20% discount, though.

Jacob first converts the percentage to a decimal, after which he deducts 0. 20 from one. Based on this calculation, he then multiplies 0. 80 by $75 for a result of $60. This indicates the discounted price of the boots is $60.

Example of markdown and discount calculations

To help you compare the differences, here is an example that calculates markdown and discount using the same data:

For the holiday weekend, Becker Appliances is offering a 15% discount on all of its appliances. Trisha finds a refrigerator she likes; it cost $1,125 at first. She deducts 0 to arrive at the refrigerator’s discounted price. 15 from one for a result of 0. 85, then multiplies this by $1,125. Trisha concludes that the refrigerator’s discounted price is $956 in light of this. 25.

Trishas, however, is also curious about the markdown between the prices. She subtracts $956. 25 from $1,125 for a result of $168. 75. Then, she divides the difference of $168. 75 by the reduced selling price of $956. 25, giving her a result of 0. 176. After multiplying this by 100, Trisha determines theres a 17. 6% markdown between the prices.


What is markdown formula?

Finding the difference between the starting price and the reduced price, then dividing that difference by the starting price, yields the markdown percentage.

What is the formula for markup and markdown?

Cost is the original price of the product; for markup, it is frequently the price paid by the company, whereas for markdowns, it is the original price at which the product was offered. Selling price is calculated as cost (1 + percentage rate) minus cost (1).

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