# How To Calculate Cost of Goods Manufactured (COGM)

The Cost of Goods Manufactured is the total manufacturing costs of goods that are finished during a certain accounting period. These costs include direct materials, direct labor, and manufacturing overhead of the products that are transferred from the manufacturing department to the finished goods inventory.

The Cost of Goods Manufactured (COGM) is an important metric that is used to measure the total cost incurred to manufacture a product. This cost includes materials, labor and overhead expenses. COGM is often used by management teams to understand the overall efficiency of their production processes. It is a critical factor in determining the profitability of a product and provides valuable insight into a company’s financial performance. Additionally, COGM is important for identifying and monitoring production issues that may be impacting cost efficiency. By understanding the various components of a product’s cost, management teams can identify areas for improvement and cost savings. This blog post will provide an overview of COGM and its importance for any organization looking to improve their production processes and increase profitability.

## Cost of goods manufactured formula

The formula used to determine the cost of manufactured goods is given below, along with an explanation of what each component of the formula means:

Work-in-process (WIP) inventory at the start plus total manufacturing costs minus ending WIP inventory equals COGM.

### Beginning work in process (WIP) inventory

Beginning WIP inventory in this formula denotes the value of goods in production that haven’t yet been finished. Usually, the WIP inventory is evaluated at the conclusion of an accounting period or the start of a new period.

For illustration, suppose your business has produced 10,000 products over the past month, of which 4,000 have only been partially finished. Your WIP inventory would consist of 4,000 items for the following month.

### Total manufacturing cost: direct materials and labor

The direct materials, direct labor, and manufacturing overhead that were paid for during a specific period of time for the production of goods are referred to as the total manufacturing portion of this formula. By adding the initial raw materials to the purchases made and deducting that sum from the final raw materials, the direct materials can be calculated. Raw materials are items in stock that are awaiting use in the manufacture of goods.

Direct labor is the amount paid in labor expenses over a specific time period. Calculating this is usually simple and involves multiplying the number of hours worked by the hourly wage for each employee.

### Ending work in process (WIP) inventory

Calculating the ending WIP inventory involves adding the starting WIP inventory to the manufacturing costs and deducting the cost of manufactured goods.

For illustration, suppose your business starts off with \$5,000 in WIP inventory, spends \$25,000 on manufacturing costs, and records \$23,000 in cost of goods manufactured in a given month. The equation for the ending WIP inventory is as follows: .

\$5,000 + \$25,000 – \$23,000 = \$7,000

## What is cost of goods manufactured?

Calculating a company’s total production costs over a certain time period results in the cost of goods manufactured. Additionally, it includes all costs incurred by a business in the production of goods, their storage as inventory, and their sale.

The COGM formula accounts for all costs associated with producing inventory, including direct materials, manufacturing overhead, and labor costs. The phrase “cost of goods completed” may also be used to describe the costs of goods manufactured.

## Costs of goods manufactured examples

Two examples of how hypothetical businesses determined the price of goods produced in a specific year are as follows:

### COGM example 1

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The business still has \$5,000 in ending WIP inventory at year’s end. The XYZ Factory calculates its cost of goods manufactured as: .

\$4,000 + \$19,000 – \$5,000 = \$18,000

For that calendar year, \$18,000 worth of inventory was finished and transferred to the finished goods account.

### COGM example 2

At the end of the previous year, ABC Furniture Store had \$100,000 in finished goods. This sum represents the company’s initial WIP inventory and is carried over to the start of the new year. The store spends \$40,000 on materials for furniture, \$50,000 on employee salaries, and \$30,000 on rent, utilities, and other overhead costs each year. The furniture company estimated that it still had \$60,000 worth of inventory to finish (ending WIP inventory) at the end of the year.

The cost of goods manufactured for ABC Furniture Store for the year is calculated as follows:

\$100,000 + (\$40,000 + \$50,000 + \$30,000) – \$60,000 = \$160,000 .

The furniture from the work-in-progress inventory that ABC Furniture Store was able to finish and put up for sale during the year was valued at \$160,000, according to the cost of goods manufactured formula.

## Why is COGM important?

Manufacturing costs are significant because they provide management with a broad understanding of overall production costs and indicate whether these costs are too high or too low. The business can adjust its operations to increase overall profitability by having a better understanding of the costs associated with producing its products.

### Benefits of COGM

Utilizing the cost of goods manufactured formula has additional advantages, such as:

For businesses in the retail sector that regularly produce new inventory to sell, the cost of goods manufactured is especially significant. The COGM gives businesses crucial data, such as how costs affect a company’s net income.

## Cost of goods manufactured: FAQs

The following are responses to some frequently asked queries regarding the price of manufactured goods:

### What is the difference between cost of goods manufactured and cost of goods sold?

The amount that the business spends to produce the goods determines the cost of goods manufactured.

## FAQ

How do you calculate cost of goods manufactured?

Beginning WIP inventory plus all manufacturing costs minus ending WIP inventory is known as COGM. Add direct materials, labor, and other manufacturing overhead costs to get the total manufacturing costs.

Why do we calculate cost of goods manufactured?

What is Cost of Goods Manufactured (COGM)? COGM is a calculation that is used to determine whether production costs are too high or low in comparison to revenue. The formula determines the manufacturing costs associated with goods that were finished during a particular time period.

What are the cost of goods manufactured and cost of goods sold?

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How do you calculate COGS from cost of goods manufactured?

The calculation of the cost of goods sold for a manufacturing company is:
1. Beginning Inventory of Finished Goods.
2. Add: Cost of Goods Manufactured.
3. Equals: Finished Goods Available for Sale.
4. Subtract: Ending Inventory of Finished Goods.
5. Equals: Cost of Goods Sold.