What Is Slo? A Comprehensive Guide to Service Level Objectives

At Google Cloud Next ’18 the following week, you’ll learn about fresh approaches to consider and guarantee the availability of your applications. Establishing and maintaining service-level metrics is a key component of that, and our Site Reliability Engineering (SRE) team at Google does this continuously. The improvement of services and subsequently the user experience is the ultimate goal of our SRE principles, and we’ll be talking about some fresh ways to apply SRE principles to your operations next week.

We cordially invite you to join Ben Treynor, head of Google SRE, for his Next ’18 Spotlight presentation to learn more about implementing SRE in your company. Ben will be sharing some exciting announcements and walking through actual SRE scenarios. Register now as seats are limited.

What is an SLO? Explained in 90 Seconds

Parts of a SLO

SLOs are typically documented by businesses as part of an SLA and include the following components:

Obliged company

This is the business that consented to provide the SLO to a client. Usually, the obliged company meets with the client to ascertain the particular specifications for each SLO. Prior to selecting the required company to complete a software project, clients may meet with a number of companies.

Validity period

This is the time frame that the business uses to produce the SLO. Depending on the size and complexity of the project, clients may specify a preferred completion date for a company, and companies may accept that deadline or negotiate for a different one. Additionally, businesses may have a number of validity periods, each of which includes distinct dates for a particular SLO, or they may have a single validity period for all SLOs within a project.


This refers to the specifications of each SLO. It involves detailed information about the SLOs function and requirements. In this section of the SLO, companies frequently employ software language to aid software teams in comprehending the requirements. When presenting a copy of the SLA to stakeholders or clients, they might translate the software terminology into easily understandable language.

What is SLO?

A service level agreement (SLA), which includes specifications and requirements for a software system during the development process, includes service level objectives (SLOs). When discussing a software project with clients, software teams may establish SLOs that improve the functionality and usability of the system. SLOs are frequently used by software development teams to create a blueprint for their software plans. Within an SLA, clients may express particular preferences or requirements, and SLOs specify the details of each requirement.

Benefits of using SLO

Here are a few advantages that companies using SLOs may experience:

Set client expectations

SLOs establish expectations so that clients understand what features their software offers. Clients may not expect a particular feature to be present in the finished software product, for instance, if software developers reject it because it is impossible to install in a system.

Keep stakeholders involved

A technology company’s stakeholders might want to stay informed about ongoing software projects. Business stakeholders can receive documentation of SLOs from companies that includes information on client preferences, project requirements, and project objectives. This can maintain their interest and keep them informed about ongoing projects.

Provide goals to software teams

When clients give software teams SLOs, it gives developers and engineers goals to work toward as they complete a project. This could assist software development teams in creating high-quality systems that satisfy client needs. It might also set deadlines for them, enabling them to maintain the validity period and deliver the software to clients on time.

Types of SLOs

Here are two different types of SLOs:


Clients frequently develop SLOs that improve a system’s overall functionality. Clients can create new requirements or select ones that improve the functionality of the features already available. For instance, clients may ask for an SLO that gives them access to more storage if their current software system doesn’t allow for enough data storage.


Customers can customize computer processes to improve the usability of the system. SLOs may include information about a system’s input, output, and processing, all of which have an impact on how a user uses software. Clients can create an objective that targets all operating system processes in order to increase usability while also improving the overall performance of the computer programs.

How do businesses use SLO?

Software companies frequently hold client meetings to develop various SLOs, which can assist software professionals at every stage of development. They may speak with clients about their software needs or discuss realistic software goals with them. Once the client’s needs have been identified, they produce documentation that includes information on each requirement.

SLOs are a tool that software developers can use to create software project plans that meet the needs of their clients. When assessing software for potential problems and determining whether the software satisfies the client’s needs, software testers can consult SLOs. Software teams may refer back to the SLOs to find details about the requirements for each application and the clients preferences for the usability and speed of the system, for instance, if a client set an agreement that involves a software team developing a system that allows for fifteen customer service applications to run concurrently.


The SLA is the contract between the client and the software team. Typically, software teams record this understanding in a written statement or contract, ensuring that both parties have access to its specifics. An SLA contains comprehensive information about SLOs for software professionals. Legal teams frequently participate in the creation of an SLA to make sure that both parties agree on the conditions and details for each SLO. If software teams fail to meet the requirements for an SLO, legal teams may also impose penalties, such as having the client delay payment until the team meets the requirement.


Service level indicators (SLIs) are metrics that assess how well your team is adhering to the SLOs. While SLOs include details about client preferences and requirements, SLIs demonstrate how closely a software team adhered to the details in the SLA. For instance, if a software team’s SLO states that they must develop a system with 7 megabytes of storage, the SLI reveals whether they actually produced 7 megabytes or whether they only partially satisfied the requirement. Teams frequently only partially meet requirements due to financial limitations or project viability.


How do you define SLO?

Service level objective (SLO): The standard against which an SLI is measured and at which you anticipate a service to perform most of the time. Example: “Service response times for 95% of all valid requests measured over 14 days shall be less than 400 milliseconds (ms)” “.

What is SLO vs SLA?

An SLA’s service level objective (SLO) is an agreement regarding a particular metric, such as uptime or response time. So if the SLA is the official contract between you and your client, the SLOs are the specific commitments you are making to that client.

What is SLO in networking?

After overcoming those challenges, however, SLOs offer a number of advantages, including 1) service health visibility, 2) data-driven product development decisions, and 3) reducing alert fatigue.

Related Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *