What Is Security Testing? (With Types and Related Jobs)

To find security flaws and vulnerabilities in the software or application, security testing is done. Security experts and testers employ a variety of security testing techniques to find potential threats, estimate the likelihood that vulnerabilities will be exploited, and assess the overall risks associated with the software or app. These tests provide actionable insights that are used to close the gaps and reduce security risks.

Security Testing – What is Security Testing?

Types of security testing

There are many types of security testing, which include:

Penetration testing

Manually testing a software’s security protocols is known as penetration testing or ethical hacking. Penetration testing is a technique used by software developers and programmers to ensure that all installed security firewalls operate in accordance with predetermined standards. They could also perform penetration tests to evaluate the usability of a website. For instance, developers can test a website’s server capacity by logging into the maximum number of user accounts available.

Web application security testing

Web application security testing assists in identifying the flaws in web browser programs. Employee browser security can benefit from it, as can the risk of malware or virus attacks from other websites. Web application tests can be installed automatically or manually by software developers. While automatic web application testing enables developers to set up regular checks while computers are online, manual web application testing allows developers to customize their security protocols.

API security testing

Application programming interface (API) security testing aids programmers in locating API flaws. These comprise database tools, website services, and any other program that facilitates the operation of a software process. By foreseeing potential risks, API security testing assists software developers in preventing future vulnerabilities. Custom software users may particularly benefit from this kind of program because it may necessitate more in-person quality-control tests than programs that are more generic and well-tested.

Configuration scanning

Configuration scanning involves assessing and locating any flaws in a software program. It examines all computer system software, including database tools and custom applications. Configuration scanning helps guard against internal attacks from other websites or database storage files by identifying any malicious software masquerading as a useful program.

Security audits

A security audit is a methodical procedure for examining each application in a system in accordance with a predetermined standard. Security audits test the viability of any security protocols put in place by simulating various cyberattack threats, much like a real-world auditing process would. Additionally, it assesses how well a security team adheres to compliance requirements for all other security check processes.

Risk assessment

A department can identify, examine, and classify the security risks that a business system may face through the process of risk assessment. Risk assessments are used by department leaders to identify the greatest dangers to their data storage and ongoing business operations. A risk assessment plan can assist departments in creating budgets for security investments as part of a long-term strategy.

Security posture assessment

Combining scanning and ethical hacking techniques, a security posture assessment aids software experts in identifying cyber risks and practical defenses against them. Businesses frequently assess their security posture to identify the data that is most valuable to them and the types of cyberattacks that pose the greatest risk. They can make the most of this knowledge to find weaknesses in a computer system and decide how to best strengthen it.

What is security testing?

The process of security testing determines whether business software is susceptible to cyberattacks. Using security testing software, databases and websites are evaluated for the effects that malicious software has. Security checks ensure that a system receives only authorized inputs, protecting it from cyberattacks. All security testing software is a functional tester, checking that other software systems function as intended and only taking action when it detects an anomaly. Additionally, it can spot potential security risks, enabling companies to effectively prevent them.

Why is security testing important?

Security testing is crucial because it can protect a company’s data and enhance its security procedures. Companies can protect sensitive data, such as personnel files, financial records, company archives, and database passwords, for instance. If you understand how security testing functions, you can enhance a company’s current protocols and identify any future upgrades that might be necessary.

Jobs that use security testing

There are many jobs that use security testing. Please click on the links below to view the most recent Indeed salaries:

Computer programmers’ main responsibilities are to write the code for a company’s software applications. They test, create, and fix customized programs for everyday work operations using a variety of coding languages. These experts are capable of conducting independent research, creating independent code libraries, and updating a company’s security system and fixing any software bugs. In accordance with a company’s technological auditing policies, they also troubleshoot programs either monthly or yearly.

Website administrators’ main responsibilities are to create, secure, and update a company’s website content. They might create a company’s home page or social media profile, for instance. In order to lessen vulnerabilities in a website’s code, these professionals may also install new protocols and administer security checks. Webmasters frequently serve as internet safety advisors, assisting software teams to reduce malware-related hacking incidents. They may also train employees and managers on internet safety.

An auditor’s main responsibilities include assessing a company’s software systems to make sure they function as intended. According to their areas of expertise, auditors can concentrate on various corporate divisions. To identify risks and lessen the possibility of cyberattacks, they frequently assess the security protocols for a department. To guarantee a company can operate on a daily basis and adhere to all security regulations, IT auditors may also design the review process and update it on a regular basis.

Primary responsibilities: Software engineers create databases and bespoke applications for businesses. A company may use firewall, storage, and intranet systems in addition to file organization protocols. Together with other technical experts, software engineers work to enhance and secure software security standards. A software engineer can secure information in an organization’s internal database and patch websites if they find a problem, such as malware or phishing threats.


What is security testing and types?

What Are The Types Of Security Testing?
  • Vulnerability Scanning. …
  • Security Scanning. …
  • Penetration Testing. …
  • Security Audit/ Review. …
  • Ethical Hacking. …
  • Risk Assessment. …
  • Posture Assessment. …
  • Authentication.

What is security testing in QA?

Why Security Testing is Important? The main objective of security testing is to identify the threats in the system and gauge its potential vulnerabilities, preventing the system from malfunctioning or being exploited as a result of the threats.

How security testing is done?

Software testing that identifies system flaws and establishes whether the system’s data and resources are secure from potential hackers is known as security testing. It guarantees that the application and software are safe from any risks or threats that could result in a loss.

Why do we do security testing?

Security testing is a process used to find weaknesses in an information system’s security controls, which protect data and keep functionality as intended. Security testing ensures that particular security requirements are met, just as software or service requirements must be met in QA.

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