what is animal science definition and job options

Animal science is a broad field of study that focuses on the biology, care, and management of animals. It is a multidisciplinary field that can encompass a variety of topics including genetics, physiology, nutrition, reproduction, and behavior. Animal scientists are responsible for working with animals in a variety of roles, from providing care and husbandry in zoos and sanctuaries to developing new animal products and technologies. Animal scientists work in research laboratories, veterinary hospitals, teaching universities, and other areas of the animal industry. Animal science is an important field of study for those interested in animal care and management, as well as those seeking to develop new animal products and technologies. In this blog post, we will explore the definition of animal science, the job options available in this field, and the various career paths available for animal scientists.

Animal scientists work with farm animals, wildlife, laboratory animals, pets and zoo animals. They study these animals to help keep them healthy and productive. Animal scientists help put food on our tables. Animal scientists work with farmers to improve animal breeding, growth and nutrition.

Careers in Animal Science

Why is animal science important?

The field of animal science is crucial to the US food supply due to the country’s expanding population and the demand for ethically produced meat and dairy products. Animal scientists must continue their research and study of animal production due to the rising respect for livestock animals as the primary source of sustenance for many.

Along with the expanding needs of the public, the agriculture sector must also deal with global issues like climate change and a limited amount of usable land. Animal scientists and other agricultural professionals who can spot opportunities and develop novel solutions are needed to address the complex challenges of the upcoming years.


Academic animal scientists oversee student lab work, teach courses at the undergraduate and graduate levels, conduct their own research studies, and publish their findings. The publication of research is crucial for professors who want to be appointed to a specific institution. Teachers, researchers, laboratory technicians, and extension specialists are typical occupations in this field.

Defining animal science

Animal science examines livestock and other domesticated animals that are kept for human consumption in order to better understand how animals develop biologically. In the business of raising domestic livestock, such as beef cattle, dairy cattle, poultry, swine, sheep, and horses, animal scientists play a crucial role. They safeguard and enhance both the quantity and quality of the nation’s food supply. Foods with an animal origin, like meat, eggs, and dairy products, are the main focus of animal science.

The principles of the biological, physical, and social sciences will be applied by those who work in the field of animal science to problems related to the production and management of livestock. Animal husbandry was the term used historically for the degree in animal science, which covered both livestock and companion animals like cats, dogs, and exotic pets. The typical curriculum for animal science studies offers students not only a solid scientific foundation but also practical experience working with animals on campus farms.

Other occupations for animal scientists include research-focused ones in zoological fields, where they conduct research to protect the health and welfare of animals both in the wild and in captivity. Work in this field specifically focuses on reproduction, genetics, nutrition, and development.

Working in such specialized fields as animal breeding and reproduction, health maintenance and disease control, animal nutrition, computer modeling, animal housing, waste management, environmental quality, and processing, handling, and quality control with meat, milk, eggs, and other animal products, researchers and laboratory technicians are employed by numerous governmental organizations and private businesses.

Recent developments in genetic engineering, molecular biology, and other biotechnology fields pertaining to the production, care, and use of animals highlight the significant changes in animal agriculture today and its expanding significance to society as a whole. Numerous trained animal scientists will be required to fill these demanding roles as new career opportunities arise.

Aaron_DIf you are interested in efficient production of food animals, processing and consumption of high-quality meats and dairy products, use of companion animals for recreation or leisure purposes, or the maintenance of animal health and well-being, then a career in one of the many animal sciences fields may be your key to a rewarding future. Professional education and training in the animal sciences can prepare you for challenging career opportunities in such areas as animal production, breeding, health maintenance and disease control, marketing, processing, distribution, and numerous allied service industries. Additionally, it is a convenient major for biologists interested in animals and an eventual career after veterinary, medical, dental, or graduate school.

Global forces are demanding more from the agriculture industry. More food is necessary due to the world’s expanding population and shifting dietary trends. During climate change, this food production must occur on a limited amount of land. It must take into account both human and environmental needs. Agriculturists who can spot opportunities and come up with novel solutions are needed to tackle the complex problems of the twenty-first century. The depth of animal science knowledge equips students for fulfilling careers

Students earning a B. S. Those who earn a degree in animal science are qualified for a wide range of demanding jobs. In fact, graduates in animal science can choose from more than 500 different job categories. Graduates work in academic teaching and research, industrial research in the food and feed industries, laboratory research programs with governmental and non-governmental organizations, private corporations, and industrial or institutional management positions requiring a high level of scientific training. Graduates can work directly in research or assist in drafting regulations governing the agriculture sector in government positions. You can find additional traditional employment with feed manufacturers, animal breeding businesses, meatpacking operations, pharmaceutical businesses, consulting firms, academic institutions, or in primary production. A degree in agricultural science also opens up a world of opportunities in the expanding field of agricultural biotechnology.

*The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) of the federal government is the source of the representation. The website links are offered as a resource and do not provide a comprehensive view of a particular industry or location. Researching various sources and talking to experts in the field are advised to gain a thorough understanding of a chosen industry.

The goal of the undergraduate program in animal science is to provide students with a solid foundational and applied education in animal nutrition, reproduction, genetics, physiology, health, and livestock animal management in order to prepare them for a variety of careers. On-campus animal facilities are available to give students hands-on experience with farm animals. One of many routes to veterinary school admission is the Animal Science BS.


A career in animal breeding, food and fiber production, nutrition, animal agribusiness, animal behavior, and animal welfare can be attained with a professional education in animal science. A typical Animal Science program might offer classes in nutrition, physiology, animal behavior, genetics, microbiology, and reproduction. There are also classes available in support areas like genetics, soils, agricultural economics and marketing, legal issues, and the environment. [3].


What does an animal science do?

Animal scientists use biological, physical, and social science principles to solve issues related to raising and managing livestock. Meat, dairy products, and eggs are among the foods of animal origin that animal science is concerned with.

What careers are related to animal science?

Positions with advanced degrees include product research and development for meat companies and private, federal, or state veterinarian. State livestock or equine extension specialist. Research scientist for animal health or pharmaceutical companies.

What are the 4 major animal science industries?

What is an animal science degree?
  • Agribusiness skills.
  • Nutrition.
  • Physiology.
  • Reproduction.
  • Biotechnology.

Where do animal scientists work?

Industry Employment (1) Annual Mean Wage (2) Management, Scientific, and Technical Consulting Services400(8) Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods (4241, 4247, and 4249 only)330$ 76,480Animal Food Manufacturing240$ 86,350

Related Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *