Types of speeches
  • Informative speech. Informative speeches aim to educate an audience on a particular topic or message. …
  • Entertaining speech. Entertaining speeches aim to amuse a crowd of people. …
  • Demonstrative speech. …
  • Persuasive speech. …
  • Oratorical speech. …
  • Debate speech. …
  • Special occasion speech. …
  • Pitch speech.

This article focuses on using appropriate writing techniques and speech organization. Every speech should be divided into three main sections: the introduction, the body, and the conclusion. Before writing the speech, you should prepare an outline. The main and supporting points are arranged in an outline according to the order you think will have the biggest impact on your audience.

It’s time to draft your speech with an introduction, body, and conclusion after you’ve studied your audience, chosen the subject, gathered evidence, and written an outline. These key sections adhere to the broadcaster’s maxim: (1) State your intended message. (2) Tell them. (3) Tell them what you have told them.

Tell them what you’re going to say: According to O’Hair, Rubenstein, and Stewart (2007), a strong introduction serves as an attention-getter, a preview of the topic and key points, and a foundation for your speaker credibility. A quote, a story, a question, humor, startling facts or statistics, an example or anecdote, and a mention of recent or historical events are all effective methods for grabbing the reader’s attention. The introduction directs attention to the main ideas you want the audience to retain. Science communicators advise moving the impact of your speech from the conclusion to the speech’s opening.

The introduction is how the audience determines your credibility; they want to know why they should take you seriously. As a result, it is crucial to establish your credibility as a speaker in the introduction, especially for a persuasive speech, so that the audience will want to accept your arguments as true. Along with citing reliable sources, you should also include some experience or knowledge that demonstrates your authority on the subject.

Inform them that the speech’s main body will contain references to reputable sources, including articles from reputable journals of science. This section contains the speech’s main points, which ought to follow from the objective and thesis statement. It’s best to keep your content to no more than seven main points and no more than two to five main points. For speeches about science, science communicators advise using three main points (AAAS, n d. ). Your audience will forget your main points if you make too many of them. Your speech will be more memorable if you concentrate on three main points and offer strong counterarguments for each of them. Your main points will be justified by your supporting arguments, which will support your thesis.

Tell them what you said: The conclusion summarizes what the audience was expected to learn or be persuaded to do during the presentation, bringing the presentation to a close. Key words like “finally,” “let me close by saying,” and “in conclusion” can be used to indicate when you are getting close to the end of your argument. The conclusion should end strongly with an impact statement because it is the last chance you have to inspire your audience. A strong conclusion for a persuasive speech is a call to action, in which you instruct the audience on what to do with the knowledge they have gained.

An informative speech is one whose goal is to define, clarify, describe, or provide an example. An informative speech seeks to convey knowledge fully and plainly so that the audience will comprehend the message. Informative speeches can describe the various stages of an egg’s life cycle to a chicken, describe how to use a camera, or show how to prepare a side dish for a meal. Your speech’s structure will vary depending on whether you are defining, explaining, describing, or demonstrating your point. Visual aids can be used effectively in informative demonstration speeches to demonstrate step-by-step procedures using actual objects.

Speeches intended to persuade audiences to act or change their minds about a subject are known as persuasive speeches. When making a persuasive argument, state clearly at the outset of your speech what is good or bad and why you believe that way. Your speech should begin with this as your thesis statement. A persuasive speech can be organized using the five-part argument as follows:

Speeches for formal occasions are written specifically for the occasion and for the purpose specified by the occasion (OHair et al. , 2007). Depending on the situation, speeches for special occasions can be either persuasive or informative. The speech of introduction and the speech of welcome are two of the more popular types of speeches for special occasions.

A brief speech that summarizes the main speaker’s credentials is the speech of introduction. By establishing the speaker’s credibility and making the speaker feel welcome, this speech helps the audience get ready for the main speaker. Collect background information on the speaker to write the introductory speech. Try to learn one or two facts about the speaker’s background or credentials that will help you build rapport with the audience. The length of the introduction speech is typically between one and three minutes.

The welcome speech expresses appreciation and greetings to a person or group of people. The welcome speech conveys appreciation for the individual or group’s presence. The objective is to welcome the individual or group and to inform them about the organization you represent. Prior to the speech of welcome, learn something about the person or group that you can use. The welcome speech typically lasts three to five minutes.


Types of speeches

Speeches can be classified according to the contexts and purposes in which they are delivered. Knowing the different speech types will help you choose the one that best suits your needs the next time you give a public speech. Consider the following types of speeches:

Informative speech

Informative speeches are intended to educate the audience about a specific subject or message. Unlike demonstrative speeches, they dont use visual aids. However, they do so in order to aid audiences in understanding a concept. These facts and figures support any assertions or claims you make. For instance, a zoo guide might educate a crowd of people about a particular zoo animal using various statistical data or historical details. Informative speeches can also cover social or economic topics. Although they are not intended to persuade the audience to agree with a particular point of view or opinion, they do provide the audience with all the pertinent information regarding a given subject.

Entertaining speech

Entertaining speeches aim to amuse a crowd of people. In contrast to traditional speeches, which are frequently less formal and longer, entertaining speeches convey feelings to the audience rather than facts and figures. Rather, they often include humor or funny stories. Speeches that are entertaining are frequently heard at weddings and birthday parties. A best man’s speech at a wedding or a principal’s speech before a school talent show are two instances of entertaining speeches.

Demonstrative speech

Demonstrative speeches are used to inform an audience about a subject or concept they are unfamiliar with. In order to more effectively demonstrate or elaborate on something, they frequently include visual aids. While a demonstrative speech can be mistaken for an informative speech, a demonstrative speech actually shows how to do something. A tech company, for instance, could present a speech showcasing its latest gadgets. They demonstrate how their new products work while educating the public about them, making it a demonstrative speech.

Persuasive speech

Speaking persuasively can persuade an audience that the speaker is correct in their assessment of a given subject. Any topic, from entertainment to something more serious like politics, can be covered in persuasive speeches. Speakers typically rely on hard data to convince audiences and win their support. When you provide evidence, it strengthens your argument and may even be persuasive enough to convince listeners to change their minds about the particular subject you are discussing. You have a better chance of winning the audience over if you have enough evidence to support your position.

For instance, when a lawyer addresses a jury about a specific client, they employ a persuasive speech with sufficient evidence to win the jury’s support and have them rule in their favor. To help the audience better understand the speaker’s opinions and feelings, bear in mind that persuasive speeches can also incorporate emotions. For instance, if you were trying to persuade someone to assist the elderly, you would probably appeal to their emotions.

Oratorical speech

An oratorical speech is a particular kind of speech, while oratorical refers to the act of giving a speech. Theyre typically more formal than other types of speeches. While some oratorical speeches, like those given at funerals or graduations, can be lengthy, others may be brief and more casual, like a toast at a special event. Although orators don’t always aim to convert their listeners to their point of view, they can still discuss certain topics and voice their opinions.

Debate speech

Debate speeches are a particular kind of speech that frequently adheres to a specific set of guidelines and is delivered during a debate event. In a debate, each side is given an equal amount of time to present their point of view. Although a debate speech frequently employs the same techniques as a persuasive speech and makes extensive use of statistical evidence to support a claim, it differs from a persuasive speech in other ways. For instance, debate speeches aim to defend an opinion on a particular subject rather than trying to persuade someone to join a particular side as with a persuasive speech.

You get to hone your research, critical thinking, and public speaking abilities as you get ready for a debate speech. It’s important to keep in mind that while you can prepare a debate speech, you can’t foresee every objection that the other debaters will raise. Thus, consistently delivering this kind of speech enhances your ability to think quickly and increases your level of comfort in this situation.

Special occasion speech

Special occasion speeches don’t fit into a specific category or have a set structure. Instead, whether it’s a wedding, an award show, or a birthday party, they try to fit the special occasion. In order to effectively communicate the message and capture the audience’s attention, speeches for special occasions try to fit the context of the setting. They are interesting and direct despite frequently being brief and upbeat. Unlike many other speeches, speeches for special occasions don’t need to contain data or statistics.

Speeches delivered to announce a speaker or a guest’s arrival are examples of speeches for special occasions. You may also deliver a speech of this nature when accepting an honor. When accepting an award, you speak during a special occasion to emphasize how much the honor means to you.

Pitch speech

Pitch speeches seek to gain acceptance or support for a concept, item, or solution. For instance, if you work in sales, you might try to persuade a client to buy a new product. By highlighting the product’s best features and how it can improve their daily lives, you are essentially pitching the product to them. Pitch speeches can also be a component of a larger presentation, such as one used in the workplace to convince coworkers or superiors to support a particular strategy or idea.

Motivational speech

Motivational speeches are intended to uplift the audience and instill confidence in listeners to do better or become better versions of themselves. They primarily aim to uplift the crowd’s spirits and boost their self-esteem. Motivational speeches encourage listeners or participants to work toward a specific objective. Coaches deliver this type of speech to inspire their team to perform better on the field or court, as opposed to employers or managers who do so to inspire employees to perform better at work.

Impromptu speech

Any speech you give without any prior practice or preparation is referred to as being impromptu. Usually, you are asked to make an impromptu speech at an event or other occasion by someone who approaches you. Giving an impromptu speech can be stressful because you don’t have time to prepare and because of the nature of impromptu speeches. However, with a little coaching and experience, you’ll be more comfortable giving an impromptu speech.

Farewell speech

A farewell speech is a speech delivered to bid a group of people farewell. Give a farewell speech to your loved ones if you’re moving far away or going on a trip, for instance, or to your coworkers when you leave your job. Farewell speeches frequently have a depressing tone, which causes them to stir up strong feelings in both the speaker and the audience.

Explanatory speech

Explanatory speeches describe a situation or particular thing. Explanatory speeches offer a breakdown of how to do something while giving the audience a thorough step-by-step process, similar to demonstrative speeches. Additionally, they don’t employ a visual aid to aid the audience in understanding what you’re saying. For instance, when a host of a food talk show demonstrates to their audience how they prepare a specific dish, they use an explanation speech to outline each step of the preparation process.

Eulogy or funeral speech

Funeral or eulogy speeches are intended to pay tribute to a recently deceased person in front of mourners at a funeral service. Usually, a minister or a relative of the deceased will give them. The speaker tries to find the right words to not only pay tribute to the person with a sincere speech, but also to honor them for their accomplishments while they were still alive.

What is a speech?

An audience-facing informal or formal talk is referred to as a speech. Giving a speech enables you to speak in front of a crowd and oftentimes, express your opinion. Speeches can be found in a variety of settings and for a variety of reasons. As an illustration, in addition to making a brief speech before introducing someone, you can also make a speech to persuade others to agree with you.

Tips for speech research

It’s crucial to do adequate research before giving a speech to make sure you can convey your idea, opinion, or message clearly. Use these tips to help with the speech research process:


What are the 4 types of speeches?

There are four primary purposes for speeches: to inform, instruct, entertain, and persuade. These are not mutually exclusive of one another.

What are the 3 main types of speech?

In conclusion, public speakers primarily employ three types of speeches to persuade their audience. An informative speech provides information, a persuasive speech urges action, and a special occasion speech honors a person or an occasion.

What are the 9 types of speeches?

Below, let’s take a look at 9 different types of speeches.

What are the 10 types of speech style?

The boundaries between these types aren’t always obvious though, so the descriptions are as clear as possible in order to differentiate between them.
  • Entertaining Speech. …
  • Informative Speech. …
  • Demonstrative Speech. …
  • Persuasive Speech. …
  • Motivational Speech. …
  • Impromptu Speech. …
  • Oratorical Speech. …
  • Debate Speech.

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