Types of Computer Servers and How They Function

A server is a piece of computer hardware or software that provides functionality for other programs and devices. Server provides various functionalities, often called services such as sharing data or resources among multiple clients, or performing computation for client. Single server can serve multiple clients, and a single client can use multiple servers. A client process may run on the same device or may connect over a network to a server on a different device. Servers are available in various types. In This article, we are going to discuss these types.

Types of servers
  • File servers. File servers store and distribute files. …
  • Print servers. Print servers allow for the management and distribution of printing functionality. …
  • Application servers. …
  • Web servers. …
  • Database servers. …
  • Virtual servers. …
  • Proxy servers. …
  • Monitoring and management servers.

Top 20 Server Types & Functions | Servers Explained

Types of servers

The following is a list of all the main types of servers:

1. Web server

An open-source web server is used for accessing the world wide web through public domain software. These servers connect stored information from an internet website to your own computer. Web servers store information for the internet that is retrieved via “HTTP” code and sent to your web browser. This is one of the most widely used types of servers.

2. Proxy server

Proxy servers act as a bridge between a host server and a client server. A proxy sends data from a website to your computer IP address after it passes through the proxys server. This practice adds a layer of security since the information is requested then transferred from the source to the proxy server and never directly from a client to another user. A proxy server can filter out various harmful internet entities.

3. Virtual machine (VM)

As their name suggests, virtual machines store and connect data strictly through virtual space. To create a virtual machine, IT teams use a hypervisor, also known as a virtual machine monitor (VMM), which is software that can run thousands of virtual machines through only one piece of physical hardware. This method of server virtualization is widely used for data transfer and storage because they are the most cost-effective type of server to run.

4. File transfer protocol (FTP) server

FTP servers are used to relocate files from one computer to another. Uploaded files move from your computer to the server while downloaded files are extracted from the server onto your device. File transfer protocol also refers to the method of using a server to connect one computer to another in order to share data safely.

5. Application server

These servers connect clients to software applications through virtual server connections. This allows users to bypass downloading data to their own hardware in order to access applications. Application servers can effectively host large amounts of application data to many users at once, making them ideal for businesses.

6. File server

A file server stores data files for multiple users. They allow for faster data retrieval and saving or writing files to a computer. This is a basic type of server used commonly by organizations where lots of users need access to files that are more conveniently and safely stored on a server than a personal computer.

7. Database server

Database servers function as large storage spaces that organizations use and access to run multiple programs to meet their needs. A database server can run independently of any database architecture.

8. Mail server

A mail server stores and delivers mail for clients through email service platforms. Because mail servers are set up to continually connect to a network, individual users can access their email without running any systems through their own devices.

9. Print server

A print server connects remotely to local computers to print through a network. These servers give businesses the ability to use a single printer to serve an entire department. Some printers even come with their own built-in server ready to join a network once theyre installed in an office area.

10. Domain name system (DNS) server

These servers transform readable computer domain names into computer language IP addresses. The DNS server takes search data from a user and finds the requested address to deliver to the client device.

11. Collaboration server

When work needs to be shared across multiple users, a collaboration server makes it easy to connect. These servers allow you to share and store files, applications and other large amounts of data.

12. Gaming server

Large gaming networks use servers to connect users from around the world. These servers host multi-player online games.

13. Monitoring and management server

Monitoring and management servers function in several capacities. First, they record and track digital transactions and receive user requests. Others simply monitor and dont actively participate in user operations. Monitoring servers are responsive to network administrators who survey network health to check for threats or bugs in the system.

What are servers?

Servers are large data storage and processing devices that exist either as hardware or as virtual storehouses located on the internet. Computers or software systems act as servers that connect to a network.

A server can be any type of device that shares and saves information. Servers can both store and process information within their own system or request it from another.

Servers began as small devices that simply transferred data to a more functional computer then grew in size and ability to perform more complex functions. Now, virtual servers exist within cloud computing platforms that are housed on the internet.

How do servers work?

Servers work in several ways to connect users to different data functions. They house large amounts of data for organizations and make it accessible to users through internal networks or via the internet. They respond to user requests to retrieve appropriate files from stored or interconnected data sources. They also work in tandem with an operating system to better listen to and respond to user requests.

IT professionals can increase the functionality of a server by installing software that creates additional roles such a responding to website requests from an internet browser. Servers can also act as safeguards to verify the identity of users before allowing access to a network.

Server components

Physical servers are made up of the following parts:

What is server architecture?

Server architecture is the design of how a server functions. Server architecture refers to the layout of a server in its operational capacity.

A servers architecture can be defined by:

FAQ

What are the three kinds of servers?

The following is a list of all the main types of servers:
  • Web server. An open-source web server is used for accessing the world wide web through public domain software. …
  • Proxy server. …
  • Virtual machine (VM) …
  • File transfer protocol (FTP) server. …
  • Application server. …
  • File server. …
  • Database server. …
  • 8. Mail server.

What are the six types of servers describe?

Network Server Types Explained
  • Application Servers. …
  • Client Servers. …
  • Collaboration Servers. …
  • FTP Servers. …
  • List Servers. …
  • Mail Servers. …
  • Open Source Servers. …
  • Proxy Servers.

What is a typical server type?

Typical servers are database servers, file servers, mail servers, print servers, web servers, game servers, and application servers.

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