The Different Types of Manufacturing Environments and Jobs

Because manufacturing is such a broad field, there are many different manufacturing job titles that include a variety of job descriptions. Manufacturing involves creating new products, either from raw materials or from pre-made components.

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Types of manufacturing

Manufacturing environments may be categorized by product or process. These classifications will help you understand how a facility operates.

Types of factories

There are three primary types of factories for manufacturing operations. The type of factory operations that are in place depends upon the product or selection of products that are produced as well as the demand for them.

In a repetitive manufacturing plant, assembly lines produce a single item multiple times. The machinery is calibrated for only one product and the line operates faster or slower depending on the consumer demand for the product. A second assembly line may open seasonally as demand requires.

In a discrete manufacturing environment, the production line may produce a variety of items. The machinery facilitates convenient changeovers. There is more downtime in this environment, as tear-down and set-up must take place between different batches.

A job shop uses production areas rather than assembly lines. These areas may produce one item or many. A job shop has more labor operations than automated machinery, and typically produces fewer items than either a repetitive or discrete assembly line.

Different types of manufacturing

The manufacturing industry is extremely diverse. These factories are responsible for producing nearly everything that consumers purchase. The primary types of industrial factories are:

This segment of the industry turns crude oil into plastic products and transforms coal and chemicals into items like paint, pesticides or soaps. This industry also facilitates the production of rubber.

Food manufacturing includes everything from canned goods and processed dry goods to fresh or frozen produce. Canning and packaging are a major part of this type of production process.

The clothing and textile industry turns cotton, flax and wool into apparel, bedding and home goods. However, products that are made from synthetic materials are considered part of chemical manufacturing rather than textiles, even when the end product is still a piece of clothing. Seamstresses and tailors often work in these production lines.

Metal manufacturing includes all products made from aluminum, iron or steel. These production lines incorporate forging, stamping and coating activities.

The electronics sector includes appliances, computers and all types of audio-visual equipment.

Transportation manufacturing includes the production of motor vehicles, boats, ships, trains and aircraft as well as the engines and parts that go into them.

The manufacturing of wood and paper includes wood materials such as lumber and various paper products made from wood pulp.

What is manufacturing?

Manufacturing is the making of goods. The items that are manufactured may be completed products or they might consist of components that contribute to a whole thats produced in another facility. Manufacturing facilities typically feature production lines or areas that are dedicated to producing one or more items. A facility might manufacture products to stock stores or make them to order, producing items only as theyre requested by a buyer. The manufacturing industry is essential for the production of everything from clothing and food to tires and toothpaste.

Manufacturing jobs list

There are many critical roles in a manufacturing facility. Below are some of the different types of manufacturing jobs that you will typically find in a production plant.

Primary duties: Manufacturing operators handle mechanical tasks in a manufacturing plant. Their duties may include using heavy mobile equipment or assembly-line machinery. They are responsible both for operating and maintaining this machinery and may need to perform basic repairs when equipment breaks down.

Primary duties: Manufacturing associates evaluate the needs of the assembly line and determine the most efficient course of action to execute job orders. They will identify issues with the process where applicable and create a plan for the improvement of these procedures and sequences. The manufacturing associate also inspects the machines, materials and parts to ensure that everything is in good condition.

Primary duties: The manufacturing technician is responsible for inspecting and testing products and assemblies. This professional is in charge of quality control and ensures that everything is functioning properly. They may handle the setup, calibration and maintenance of machinery in the assembly line. They are also responsible for identifying and troubleshooting technical issues.

Primary duties: A manufacturing supervisor is responsible for overseeing daily operations in a manufacturing plant. They oversee the supply of products and materials, provide training and coaching to employees and monitor the workflow to make sure that deadlines are always met. These supervisors are also responsible for making sure the facility is compliant with all health and safety regulations.

Primary duties: Manufacturing engineers research and design the equipment thats used in manufacturing plants. They determine the best way to use various pieces of equipment and help develop effective production lines. They invent and construct key machinery that facilitates the manufacturing operation.

Primary duties: A senior manufacturing engineer will typically oversee the equipment within a manufacturing plant and identify areas for improvement in both processes and machinery. This engineer often focuses on production flow, developing initiatives that will result in improved performance, safety and efficiency. This individual is responsible for handling any problems that occur in the production line and developing innovative solutions wherever needed.

Primary duties: A manufacturing manager schedules and oversees production processes. This individual is responsible for planning everything from the layout of the equipment to the flow of the procedures. They typically oversee a staff, which often includes another set of supervisors who are responsible for manufacturing operators.

Primary duties: The director of manufacturing works closely with top-level management. This professional is responsible for analyzing production budgets, developing quality-control programs and ensuring that production goals and safety requirements are both met. The director of manufacturing will typically hire and train managers and supervisors and may participate in the hiring and training of manufacturing operators as well.


What types of jobs are in the manufacturing industry?

Below are some of the different types of manufacturing jobs that you will typically find in a production plant.
  • Manufacturing operator. …
  • Manufacturing associate. …
  • Manufacturing technician. …
  • Manufacturing supervisor. …
  • Manufacturing engineer. …
  • Senior manufacturing engineer. …
  • Manufacturing manager. …
  • Director of manufacturing.

What are manufacturing environments?

Manufacturing has different attributes in making a final product; Engineer-to-order – the manufacturer does not start the production until it receives the order from the customer. The inventory in this environment is purchased after the order is received.

What are 5 careers in manufacturing?

Jobs in the manufacturing industry
  • Baker.
  • Assembler.
  • Warehouse worker.
  • Woodworker.
  • Quality control inspector.
  • Tailor.
  • Manufacturing technician.
  • Welder.

What are 3 careers in manufacturing?

7 of the Most Popular Manufacturing Jobs
  • Mechanical Engineer. Salary range: $65,500-$91,500 per year. …
  • Instrument Technician. Salary range: $39,000-$64,500 per year. …
  • Cad Draftsman. Salary range: $39,000-$50,000 per year. …
  • Cnc Operator. …
  • Industrial Painter. …
  • Machine Operator. …
  • Assembly Line Worker.

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