Product Cost vs. Period Cost: What’s the Difference?

Product costs are those directly related to the production of a product or service intended for sale. Period costs are all other indirect costs that are incurred in production. Overhead and sales and marketing expenses are common examples of period costs.

Product cost vs period cost

What is product cost?

The production of a service that is being sold to a client or customers is connected to the cost of the product. Retailers may view product costs as inventory because their products are sold on the open market. Product costs are related to the quantity of a product produced as well as whether the quantity produced exceeds the demand. Prices for product costs can either be fixed or variable depending on how long it took to create a product and how well it turned out in the end.

What’s the difference between product cost and period cost?

Both the product cost and the period cost are related to the production of a good or service. Here are the main differences between these two concepts:

What is period cost?

Sales, general, and administrative (SG&A) costs are the only costs that constitute period costs for your company. The cost of the corporate office is a period cost if your business operates in a corporate setting and has a separate manufacturing facility. This category also includes any expenses related to a product’s sales and marketing division. Time is once more the primary metric for tasks that need to be completed for sales and administration.

Examples of product cost and period cost

Overall, determining the effect of sales and manufacturing on your organization’s profits depends on accurately calculating product and period costs.

Here are a few examples of product costs:

Here are some examples of period costs:

How to manage product and period costs

There are many ways to manage product and period costs while enhancing the productivity of every employee in your company. You might want to think about taking the following actions to manage product and time costs:

1. Review financial statements and identify your product costs and period costs

Reviewing your balance sheet or income statement will help you determine where you incur the most expenses. Because changes outside of these areas typically have little impact on the operations related to your product, it is advisable to examine areas other than those related to manufacturing and sales.

2. Evaluate performance reviews of all staff members

3. Formulate a strategy for growth and cost control

If you’re trying to expand your sales or manufacturing team, your strategy should be on that. Your plan is to raise period costs if you need more salespeople. If your need is for materials and supplies, then the rise in product costs is required to result in the improvement of your products.


What is the difference between production cost and product cost?

Various expenses, including labor, raw materials, consumable manufacturing supplies, and general overhead, can be included in production costs. The total cost of the product can be calculated by adding the costs of direct materials, labor, and manufacturing overhead.

What is the difference between period and product Inventoriable costs?

Product costs are sometimes referred to as “inventoriable costs. These expenses are recorded as costs of goods sold on the income statement when the products are sold. Period costs are expenses that are not directly related to the creation of finished goods.

What is a product cost?

Product Costs are the expenses related to producing a product. These costs include materials, labor, production supplies and factory overhead. The price of the labor necessary to provide a service to a client is also regarded as a product cost.

What are examples of period costs?

Recognizing Period Costs In managerial and cost accounting, period costs are expenses that are not incurred in the creation of inventory. Examples include marketing costs, selling, general, and administrative (SG&A) costs, CEO salaries, and rent for a corporate office.

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