Predictive modeling is an essential tool that enables businesses to gain insight into the future of their operations. Predictive modeling uses data science techniques to identify patterns in large datasets and develop predictions about future trends and behaviors. It can be used to make decisions about which customers to target, what products to launch, how to allocate resources, and more. Predictive modeling provides a powerful and innovative way to gain valuable insights into an organization’s operations and gain a competitive edge.
There are many types of predictive modeling used in data science. These include supervised learning, unsupervised learning, deep learning, and reinforcement learning. Each type of modeling has its own advantages and applications. In this blog post, we will discuss the different types of predictive modeling and their advantages and disadvantages. We will also provide practical examples of each type of predictive modeling to help you better understand the main concepts.
How to Select the Correct Predictive Modeling Technique | Machine Learning Training | Edureka
10 predictive modeling types
There are two categories of predictive models: parametric and non-parametric. A parametric model is one that makes use of a particular set of parameters, such as discrete numbers. Non-parametric models take into account information that isn’t derived from a particular set of parameters or factors. Each type of model serves a specific purpose and uses a specific kind of data to do so. Additionally, they use a variety of methods, including descriptive, diagnostic, predictive, and prescriptive analytics. The following is a list of 10 popular types of predictive modeling, along with a brief explanation of how and why organizations use each type:
1. Classification model
This type of predictive modeling is among the most fundamental and widely used models because it generates straightforward answers to questions with yes-or-no outcomes. A classification model creates a thorough analysis of a query using historical data. Many organizations use this model because they can customize it to include new or modified data when producing a response. Retail and finance businesses frequently use this because it quickly gathers and categorizes information to answer questions like, “Is this applicant likely to default?” Other organizations also frequently use this model.
2. Forecast model
Due to their adaptability, forecast models are also among the most popular model types. These models analyze historical data and estimate information based on that data to produce numerical responses. Forecast modeling can be used by a company, like an online retailer, to predict how many orders they might receive over the coming week. These models can also successfully manage multiple parameters simultaneously. For instance, a restaurant may incorporate this model when determining how many supplies to order based on elements like nearby events and upcoming holidays.
3. Clustering model
Using similar characteristics, a clustering model divides data into distinct categories. The results for each cluster are then determined on a large scale using the data from each group. This model works by using two types of clustering. By determining whether each point completely belongs to a particular cluster, hard clustering classifies data. Each data point in soft clustering is given a probability rather than being divided into separate clusters. Businesses may employ a clustering model to choose marketing tactics for specific consumer groups.
4. Outliers model
A dataset’s unusual or outlying information is found using an outliers model. It can examine specific instances of unusual data or relationships with other groups and amounts of information. Many financial companies use this model to detect fraud. For instance, an outlier model may spot unusual purchases in a customer’s account, such as a sizable expenditure on jewelry in a location where the customer has never made any other purchases. The model can determine whether a third party has accessed a consumer’s account by identifying the dollar amount, location, time, and type of purchase.
5. Time series model
Time sequences are used as input variables in a dataset for a time series model. It takes into account historical trends and data from a particular time sequence to forecast trends or occurrences during a different specific time period. This model can forecast several trends and projects at once or concentrate on a single project. It can also examine outside variables, like seasons or periodic changes, that could have an impact on future trends. For instance, a manufacturer of electronic products might use this model to assess processing times over the previous year. The model can then predict the monthly average processing speed.
6. Decision tree
A decision tree is an algorithm that displays the potential results of various decisions by graphing data from various sources into a tree-like structure. This model divides various decisions into branches, then lists potential results beneath each decision. This is frequently used by businesses to identify the most crucial data points in a dataset. They might also make use of them because the model can generate potential outcomes from incomplete datasets. Many industries use decision trees because they are simple to understand and help departments present data clearly.
7. Neural network
A complex model that resembles the human brain is called a neural network. Numerous algorithms work together to find patterns, group data, and establish categories for various datasets. Neural networks often include three layers. Data is transferred from the input layer to the hidden layer, which is the following layer. The hidden layer includes functions that create predictors. The output layer gathers the information from these predictors and generates the complete, final result. In conjunction with other predictive models like time series or clustering, organizations may use these networks.
8. General linear model
A general linear model compares how various variables have an impact on continuous variables. This tool frequently serves as the basis for other statistical tests like regression analysis. When generating and processing data to produce a prediction, businesses using predictive modeling frequently perform regression analyses. Determines whether the means of two dependent attributes in a prediction are different using the general linear model. A generalized linear model, in which a single person graphs numerous related models, is a collection of these models.
9. Gradient boosted model
To produce rankings, a gradient boosted model uses several related decision trees. It builds one tree at a time, fixing flaws in the first tree to build a second, better tree. Depending on the company that creates it, this process might involve multiple trees. These models are used by some organizations to predict potential search engine results.
10. Prophet model
An individual may use a prophet model algorithm in conjunction with time series or forecast models to prepare for a particular result. For instance, a company might use a Prophet model to calculate sales targets or inventory needs. This Facebook-hosted model is adaptable and works well with time series models that incorporate multiple seasons or holidays.
Please be aware that Indeed is not connected to any of the businesses or products mentioned in this article.
What is predictive modeling?
With the help of historical data and known results, an organization can use predictive modeling to make predictions about the future. Predictive models examine trends and patterns within particular contexts to identify the most likely outcome. For instance, financial institutions may use predictive modeling to compile customer information such as credit histories and other data. They could use this data to assess a person’s creditworthiness and likelihood of making credit payments on time. Predictive analytics is another name for this method, which also uses machine learning and data mining to gather and evaluate data.
Predictive modeling and analytics are used by a variety of businesses and industries to efficiently manage their services and customers. Predictive models are frequently used in the healthcare sector to enhance diagnostic procedures and effectively treat terminal or chronically ill patients, while banks may use these models to spot fraud. They may be used by human resources departments and businesses to hire personnel.
Benefits of predictive modeling
The ability to develop more effective marketing, sales, and customer service strategies is one of the main advantages of using predictive modeling. Here is a list of additional advantages that businesses might enjoy as a result of using predictive modeling:
What are the two types of predictive modeling?
The two most popular methods for predictive modeling are regression and neural networks. Time series data mining, decision trees, and Bayesian analysis are additional approaches.
What are different types of predictive modelling?
ANOVA, linear regression (ordinary least squares), logistic regression, ridge regression, time series, decision trees, neural networks, and many other techniques are examples of different types of predictive modeling techniques.
What are three of the most popular predictive modeling techniques?
In predictive analytics, decision trees, neural networks, and regression are the three most frequently used methods. Read more about each of these below.
What is an example of predictive modeling?
Examples include using bagged decision trees to forecast a borrower’s credit score or neural networks to determine which winery a glass of wine came from. Curve and surface fitting, time series regression, or machine learning techniques are frequently used in predictive modeling.