Physical Sciences Majors: Definition, Types and Related Jobs

A biology and physics major approaches science with a flexible, all-encompassing perspective. While laying a solid foundation in the fundamentals of biology and the life sciences, students can tailor their coursework to fit an area of interest, such as environmental science, forensic science, or medical technology. This major is recommended for those who want to tailor their education.

Science Degree Tier List (Science Majors Ranked)

Types of physical science majors

Several other disciplines are included in the broad and multidisciplinary field known as the physical sciences. Many of these topics are majors that you can pursue while in college or university. The following list of academic specialties has connections to the broader field of physical sciences:

What is a physical science major?

A focus for a college or university degree in the physical sciences is a physical science major. Physical sciences are interdisciplinary, incorporating ideas and methods from a variety of other academic fields, such as chemistry, biology, and physics.

You may see physical sciences listed as a specific major, a group of majors, or both depending on where you attend school and the level of education you’re pursuing. Students can major in physical sciences and take a variety of classes in areas like biochemistry, Earth science, and astronomy at some colleges. There might not be a specific physical sciences major at some other academic institutions. Instead, these institutions give students a selection of different majors that are related to the broader field of physical sciences, such as microbiology or geological sciences.

Common coursework for majors within the physical sciences

Students who major in physical sciences can enroll in courses like:

Types of physical science degrees

Following are the four primary types of physical sciences degrees:

Prerequisites for a physical science major

Most colleges and universities require the following of applicants in order to consider them for admission:

How to know if physical science is the right major for your desired field

Some working people might ponder whether a physical sciences major is the best choice for them. Others might struggle to decide which major in the physical sciences to select as their area of concentration. Here are some tips to help you decide which physical science might be the best fit for your interests and career goals and whether the physical sciences are the appropriate academic field for you:

Evaluate your interests

Analyze your preferences and experiences related to the physical sciences. You might discover that one of the fields within the physical sciences is one in which you have a natural aptitude for or a greater interest, which might suggest that this may be your ideal major. If you’re interested in a variety of physical sciences, think about making this your major or looking for other multidisciplinary programs in this area, like stellar astrophysics or biochemistry.

Consider your career goals

Think about the profession that you want to eventually pursue. Several majors in the physical sciences can prepare you for a variety of careers. For instance, you might find it more beneficial to focus on a subject like biology, organic chemistry, or microbiology if you want to attend medical school. Another example is that a degree in astronomy or astrophysics may be more helpful if you want to conduct research on the planets.

Conduct research

Investigate the various advantages, topics, and career prospects for each physical sciences major you’re considering. Despite their connections, the physical sciences each have distinct fields and potential career paths.

Furthermore, schools that offer majors in physical sciences may have distinctive curricula, concentrations, minors, or other opportunities like internships. It’s important to research both potential majors and the variations offered by different academic institutions. By doing this, you can make sure that you pursue a major at a university that is most compatible with your interests and professional goals.

Jobs for physical science majors

Physical science majors have a wide range of career options and industries. It’s crucial to keep in mind that physical science is a broad field, so some of these jobs might call for specialization in a particular branch of physical science, like biology or chemistry.

If you choose to major in a physical science, you might want to think about one of the following jobs. Please click the links below for the most recent information on national average salaries.

A chemical technician’s main responsibilities include supporting chemistry and chemical engineers. This includes working with them to conduct research, develop, and test different chemical products or procedures. Most of the work that chemical technicians do is done in a lab setting, including setting up lab equipment, blending chemical solutions, conducting analyses, and making sure that chemicals adhere to industry standards. Additionally, they might spend some time in an office creating charts or reports about their laboratory findings.

To create novel chemical discoveries or products, such as more environmentally friendly plastic or more potent medications, many chemical technicians work in the field of research and development. Other responsibilities include keeping an eye on chemical processes, handling or properly discarding hazardous materials, and troubleshooting issues with laboratory apparatus.

An archeologist is a specialist who assesses ancient human history using scientific principles and methods. To better understand the origins, behaviors, cultures, and evolutionary history of humans, researchers examine records and artifacts from the earliest human societies.

Finding, recovering, analyzing, and preserving artifacts like human bones, pottery, tools, and building ruins take up a large portion of an archaeologist’s time. They can then contrast their discoveries with other archeological discoveries, compose reports or presentations about their discoveries, or offer advice to museums or archives on how to properly store artifacts. Additionally, they must develop research procedures that respect the cultures they are researching, evaluate artifacts using laboratory equipment, safeguard archeological sites, and formulate scientific hypotheses.

Primary duties: Wildlife biologists study animals in their natural environment. They might concentrate on the behaviors of the animal, its interactions with its ecosystem, or its physical characteristics. A wildlife biologist’s objective might be to foster better human-animal interactions, find ways to create more sustainable habitats, or promote a species’ normal population growth.

In addition to conducting observational studies, a wildlife biologist frequently performs other kinds of scientific tests, such as gathering blood samples or determining whether an animal is parasite-free. Some wildlife biologists also equip animals with trackers so they can analyze their typical migratory or movement patterns. A wildlife biologist’s additional duties include working with researchers, keeping an eye on invasive species, writing reports on their findings, and assisting policymakers in creating regulations for the conservation of wildlife.

Primary responsibilities: A genetics counselor is a therapist who focuses on advising people who want to become parents about the potential medical conditions that their children may have. Individuals, couples, and families meet with genetic counselors to discuss and discuss potential medical conditions that their child might have based on their family tree, medical history, and DNA tests.

Additionally, these experts describe the signs of various genetic disorders, provide resources for raising children with those disorders, and go over additional testing options that the patient can choose to pursue. The majority of the time, a genetics counselor collaborates with a group of other medical professionals, such as obstetricians and diagnostic imaging technologists, to offer comprehensive care to patients who are expecting or considering having children.

A postsecondary physics teacher’s main responsibilities are to instruct students in physics courses at a college or university. Post-secondary physics instructors, also known as physics professors, frequently carry out original research in their field while instructing students. Applying for grants, designing experiments, and publishing papers on their findings are just a few research-related tasks.

A postsecondary physics instructor may focus on teaching both general physics courses and more specialized physics courses like astrophysics and metaphysics. Depending on the type of professorship they are given, their duties may include creating course curricula, delivering lectures or facilitating class discussions, grading homework, and meeting with students one-on-one.


What are physical sciences major?

The study of inanimate natural objects, such as chemistry, geology, physics, and astronomy, is known as physical science. Physical science undergraduates frequently choose to pursue careers in chemistry, physics, engineering, geology, astronomy, and environmental science.

Is physical sciences a good major?

You can prepare for a career in environmental science or other related fields with a degree in this field. A physical sciences major also prepares you for graduate work, which can lead to administrative and research positions as well as positions teaching at colleges and universities.

What are the 5 major divisions of physical science?

Terms in this set (33)
  • Five major divisions of physical science. Physics, Chemistry, Astronomy, Meteorology and Geology.
  • An organized body of knowledge about the natural universe.
  • Scientific Method. …
  • Elements of Scientific Method. …
  • Mechanics. …
  • Standard Unit. …
  • System of Units. …
  • Length.

Is physical sciences a hard major?

Coursework at the college level is typically made to be difficult. Physics is certainly no exception. In fact, most people agree that physics is one of the most difficult courses you can take. The fact that physics requires a lot of math is one of the reasons it is difficult.

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