How To Write a Monologue in 6 Steps (With Definitions and Tips)

If you’re an aspiring actor, playwright, or creative writer, you’ve likely had to consider how to write a monologue. Monologues are an important part of theatre and film, and they can also be used to express a character’s inner thoughts or reveal something about them. Writing a monologue can be a difficult task, as there are many details to consider including appropriate dialogue, character development, and the overall pacing. At the same time, it can be a very rewarding experience. In this blog post, we’ll provide you with a few tips to help you write a successful monologue. We’ll cover topics such as crafting compelling dialogue, developing characters, and working on pacing. By the end of this article, you’ll have all the tools and techniques you need to write an engaging, well-crafted monologue.


How are monologues used in drama?

In drama, monologues can divulge a character’s private thoughts and feelings or plot-relevant information. Sometimes the character may purposefully do this, while other times it might be an unintended result of their speech. For instance, a drama character might deliver a monologue to persuade another character to act. While arguing their point, they might purposefully divulge some information about their personal lives or the plot. Additionally, they might unintentionally express their own despair or rage at the circumstance.

A writer may also use a monologue as a chance to ask the audience to join a character in reflecting on difficult ideas or emotions. To encourage their audience to reflect more deeply on the topic, a writer might, for instance, write a monologue about the nature of existence. Literary scholars may study dramatic monologues for this reason.

What is a monologue?

In a play, book, movie, or television show, a character’s speech is known as a monologue. Because only one character speaks for a significant amount of time, monologues differ from dialogue, which is where two characters converse. Monologues can be dramatic or humorous, and they frequently help the audience understand the characters or their circumstances better. A romantic comedy character, for instance, might deliver a comedic monologue about why they adore their partner. In a drama, a detective might deliver a dramatic monologue analyzing the crime scene.

How to write a monologue

Intriguing story elements like monologues can give your work more emotional depth, philosophical heft, or plot-related intrigue. You can write a monologue by following these five steps:

1. Develop your character

When a character delivers a monologue, the audience gains a deeper understanding of that person, so it’s crucial to create an intriguing, multifaceted persona for your character. Think about three key components of your character profile as you do this. You might start by considering the characters’ physical attributes, such as their height, weight, skin tone, and choice of clothing. You can choose how these physical characteristics reveal their character. A vain character, for instance, might take good care of their hair

Next, consider the characters personality. For example, a character may be introverted, hard-working and goal-oriented. Another character might be extroverted, friendly and easily distracted. The final component of the character profile is the character’s background, and you can think about how your character’s personality might relate to it. Their history could include details about their upbringing, occupation, relationships with family and friends, interests, and life objectives. You might decide to use this information to support your decisions for what your characters say or to reveal some of it during their monologue.

2. Develop the situation

The majority of the time, monologues are delivered in response to the situation or “given circumstances” of a scene. Because they can predict how their character will respond and use those responses in the monologue, it is useful for the writer to understand their character’s situation. Consider, for example, which plot points are crucial circumstances for your character at the time of the monologue. For instance, a recent family member’s passing might be a crucial plot point that makes your character cry or withdraw during their monologue.

You could also take into account any relevant circumstances that are related to the scene or another character. These may also have an impact on the dialogue your character might use in a monologue. If your character is in a graveyard, as opposed to a school or an important meeting, they might speak differently. The person your character is speaking to can also be taken into account. They might act differently when speaking with a friend than when speaking with a superior

3. Know the intent of the monologue

Next, consider why you decided to include a monologue in your piece. You might do this in order to help the audience comprehend the plot or to give them the chance to learn more about a specific character. Instead, the monologue might strengthen the relationship between two characters in your story. Whatever your motivation, being aware of the reason for your monologue can help you write deliberately and ultimately accomplish your goal.

You could also think about the character’s motivations for delivering the monologue. The motivation behind a character’s actions or words in any scene is determined by their goal or objective. Consider your character’s desires and how delivering a monologue might help them accomplish those desires. You can also think about how they might alter their strategy throughout the monologue to achieve their goal. For instance, if one of your characters wants to attract the attention of another, they might start by enquiring before approaching them and finally yelling.

4. Write an outline

Starting with an outline can be helpful when you’re ready to write To do this, divide the monologue into three distinct parts using the markers “beginning,” “middle,” and “end,” and then include a brief summary for each. By doing this, you can produce a compelling dramatic arc that advances the plot. In this tale, the protagonist might have an epiphany, find a solution to a dilemma, or divulge crucial details about the protagonist or the plot. A dramatic arc should be present because it can encourage audience engagement and satisfaction with the speech.

5. Write your monologue

After that, you can begin writing your monologue using your outline as a guide. Continue to think about your characters’ goals as you write and the strategies they might employ to accomplish those goals. You could think of each time the character alters their strategy as a new “beat” or section of your monologue. To bind the monologue together, use fluid or imaginative transitions between these beats.

In order to complete your dramatic arc, it can also be helpful to structure your monologue using your predetermined beginning, middle, and end. Similar to that, you could end your monologue with a climax or a realization. The character may experience a release of emotion at this time, which could be exciting for the audience. Last but not least, think about concluding with a “button,” which is a distinct ending beat that denotes the end of the monologue.

6. Edit your monologue

You can take a break after finishing the first draft of your monologue before starting the editing process. Reviewing your writing now gives you the chance to identify its strengths and areas for improvement. You can also ask a friend or colleague for feedback. When editing, think about saving new drafts of your work in case you want to go back to an earlier version.

It is likely that an actor will perform your monologue at some point if it is written for a play, movie, or television program. It can be helpful to listen to your writing aloud while editing it to get ready for this. Think about having an actor perform your monologue so you can hear how it would sound in a play or movie. As each actor may interpret your monologue differently, you can repeat this process with different actors. Then you can use this knowledge to refine or revise certain parts of the monologue.

Tips for writing a monologue

You can use a variety of techniques to write a compelling monologue. Here are some ideas to keep in mind when writing that could enhance your work:

Write in the characters voice

While writing monologues can be a useful way for authors to share their own innermost ideas or philosophies, it’s crucial to always write in the voice of your characters. By doing this, you can maintain the coherence and realism of your story. To do this, use your character development exercises to ascertain the vocabulary and modes of expression that your character might prefer to use. In order to influence the level of expertise they demonstrate in their speech, you can also take into account their level of education or prior experience.

Include detail

Writing with specificity can keep readers interested in your monologue. If your character is recounting an event from their past, you can include information that might aid the audience in picturing the happenings they are describing. If your character is professing their love for someone, you can give specifics about why they do so and how long they have loved them. These details can make the monologue’s narrative feel complete and purposeful, which may pique the interest and engagement of the audience.


How do you write a simple monologue?

Then, follow these tips to write your own great monologue:
  1. Start with a compelling opening line. The lack of action and dialogue in monologues can make the audience disinterested.
  2. Present a strong point of view. …
  3. Develop a storyline. …
  4. Know your parameters. …
  5. Wrap up with parting words.

What is an example of a monologue?

Make sure your monologue has a distinct beginning, middle, and end. Have a climax, or a turning point. Examine your sentence structure, and give your speech some rhythm and flow. Write a rough draft and read it aloud to yourself.

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