What Is the Debt to Asset Ratio? Plus How to Calculate and Interpret It

It is calculated using the following formula: Debt-to-Assets Ratio = Total Debt / Total Assets. If the debt-to-assets ratio is greater than one, a business has more debt than assets. If the ratio is less than one, the business has more assets than debt.

Financial Accounting – Lesson 10.14 – Ratio Analysis – Debt to Asset Ratio

How to calculate debt to asset ratio

To determine the debt to asset ratio, you must first review your company’s financial balance sheet. A complete picture of the financial growth or decline of the company can be obtained by calculating the debt to asset ratio over the course of the company’s existence. You can calculate the ratio using the debt to asset formula by following the steps below:

1. Calculate total liabilities

To determine your debt to asset ratio, you must first determine all of the company’s current liabilities. You may owe money on short-term loans, long-term obligations, or other liabilities you’ve accumulated over time. When you have this sum, you can enter it into the formula. For instance, a company could determine all small business loans it has received and is repaying as well as any funding from creditors the company has gotten throughout its operation.

2. Calculate total assets

The total value of the company’s assets can then be determined after calculating all current liabilities. These assets could consist of short-term investments, such as cash and cash equivalents, long-term investments, and any other investments that have brought in money for your company. Put this sum in the appropriate field of the debt-to-asset ratio formula once you have it.

3. Place both amounts in appropriate spots in the formula

After calculating both amounts, add each component to the debt-to-asset ratio formula. The dividend will be equal to the total liabilities, and the divisor will be equal to the total assets.

4. Calculate debt to asset ratio using the formula

You can calculate your debt to asset ratio now that your amounts are in the correct places in the formula. To get a decimal result, divide the total liabilities by the total assets. This can also be expressed as a percentage, indicating the proportion of liabilities financed by creditors, investors, or other similar parties.

What is the debt to asset ratio?

A measure of a company’s financial leverage is the debt to asset ratio, also known as the total debt to total assets ratio. The debt to asset ratio measures the amount of a company’s assets that are financed by liabilities (debts), not by equity. This ratio can be used to gauge a company’s growth over time as a result of its asset acquisitions. Investors can assess an organization’s ability to pay returns on investments and determine whether it has sufficient funding to meet its debt obligations using the debt to asset ratio.

The debt-to-asset ratio can also be used as a gauge to assess a company’s financial leverage. It displays the proportion of a company’s total assets that are financed by creditors. The debt to asset ratio is determined by the following formula:

Debt to asset ratio = (Total liabilities) / (Total assets)

The sum of the company’s debts, or current liabilities, is divided by the sum of its assets, including both long-term and capital assets as well as short-term investments. The sum of a company’s liabilities, including both short-term and long-term debt, is used to determine its total liabilities.

Interpreting the debt to asset ratio

You can evaluate the results after calculating the debt to asset ratio. Most often, a debt to asset ratio higher than one, like 1 2, can show that a company has more liabilities than assets. Furthermore, a debt-to-asset ratio above one can demonstrate that a sizable portion of the company’s debt is financed by its assets. Higher ratios typically signal a company’s potential risk of loan default, especially if interest rates rise.

A debt-to-asset ratio of less than one, such as 0 64 can mean that a sizable portion of your company’s assets is financed by equity and that there is little chance of default or even bankruptcy. Furthermore, the decimal 0. When 64 is converted to a percentage, it means that your assets are sufficient to cover your liabilities as a business in 64% of the cases.

Debt to asset ratio example

The interpretation of the debt to asset ratio that emerges from your calculations, as well as an example that demonstrates how this formula works, can occasionally be helpful. The debt to asset ratio is calculated in the example below, and the risk of a company defaulting on a loan or contemplating bankruptcy is then determined using the resulting number.

For illustration, suppose the CEO of a mid-sized corporation wants to determine the ratio of the company’s debt to assets. This process might be assisted by a financial advisor, who would first examine the company’s balance sheet to ascertain the total amount of assets and liabilities.

The financial advisor then determines the percentage using the debt to asset ratio formula:

This ratio shows that the company’s assets are financed by debt or a loan, while 62% of the cost of the company’s assets is covered by the business’s owners. This ratio also shows that this company has a low risk of loan default, which is advantageous if the organization seeks additional credit for future expenses like remodeling, expanding, increasing product inventory, or other costs the company may have to pay.

The company may decide to compare the result to previous debt to asset ratios at earlier dates and over time, its targeted ratio, and any competitors’ debt to asset ratio in addition to the current calculation of the ratio to help illustrate what steps the company might need to take to further reduce its risk.


What is a good debt to asset ratio?

As a general rule, most investors seek a debt ratio of zero. What is a Good Debt to Asset Ratio? 3 to 0. 6, which is the inverse of the current ratio (total assets minus total liabilities), is the ratio of total liabilities to total assets.

What is debt in debt to asset ratio?

The leverage ratio known as the debt to asset ratio, or simply the debt ratio, shows what proportion of assets are being financed with debt. The degree of leverage and financial risk increases as the ratio rises.

How do I calculate debt to assets ratio in Excel?

Locate the total debt and total shareholder equity on the balance sheet of the company to begin calculating the debt-to-equity ratio in Excel. Fill in two adjacent cells, such as B2 and B3, with both figures. To determine the D/E ratio, enter the formula “=B2/B3” in cell B4.

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