Guide on How the ASVAB (AFQT) Score Is Computed

Your AFQT score, or Armed Forces Qualifying Test score, is the military term for the commonly referred to “minimum ASVAB score” enlistment requirement. Four areas of your ASVAB will be used to calculate your AFQT score:

To find out what AFQT score you need to qualify to enlist in a specific military branch, visit this article about military requirements for ASVAB scores categorized by military branch. It is impossible to calculate your AFQT score using a practice test because each Mathematics Knowledge and Arithmetic Reasoning question is worth 1-3 points depending on it’s level of difficulty. The amount of points each math question is worth is only known by the Department of Defense. Below is information on how AFQT Percentile scores are typically calculated. However, each branch calculates scores differently so it is important to get the numbers for each branch directly from the military.

However, the best way you can study before taking the actual ASVAB is to averageyour score on each test (just like you would a normal test) and simply study the area that you score low on. For example, if there are 30 Arithmetic Reasoning question and you get 15 correct then your average score in Arithmetic Reasoning is 50%. You will want to study more to get your score up to at least 70% on ASVAB Practice Tests. This will ensure you get a high enough AFQT score to qualify for the military.

First, the military determines your Verbal Expression (VE) score as it makes up part of your AFQT score. To compute your VE score from ASVAB practice test results, add the number of correct (1 point per correct answer) questions from the Paragraph Comprehension (PC) and the Word Knowledge (WK) sections. Then find what your overall weighted VE Score would be according to the following table.

Second, the military uses the following formula to calculate your AFQT score: 2VE + AR + MK. Here are step-by-step directions:

ASVAB AFQT Scores

The AFQT score is calculated by combining the standard scores of four subject tests: arithmetic reasoning (AR), mathematics knowledge (MK), paragraph comprehension (PC) and word knowledge (WK). The scores are shown as percentiles, which is a similar concept to the standard score scoring method.

AFQT Explained

How is the ASVAB (AFQT) score calculated?

The military uses a combination of a candidates scores on four ASVAB sub-tests to calculate their AFQT score. These four tests fall under the math and verbal categories:

The military then uses the following steps to calculate a candidates overall AFQT score:

Determine the Verbal Expression score

First, the military calculates a candidates Verbal Expression score by adding their Paragraph Comprehension and Word Knowledge scores. For those sub-tests, candidates receive one point for every correct answer. Once adding these scores, the military uses the following chart to determine their Verbal Expression score:

Sum of PC + WK scores

VE score

Calculate the AFQT score

Next, the military uses the following formula to determine a candidates AFQT score:

AFQT = 2VE + AR + MK

AR and MK refer to a candidates Arithmetic Reasoning and Mathematics Knowledge scores. They receive one to three points for each correct answer on those tests, depending on the questions difficulty. The military then uses the following chart to determine the candidates overall AFQT score and percentile:

Find the percentile category

The military reports the candidates AFQT score as a percentile, which compares their score against a reference group. The military uses a unit of 18-to-23-year-olds who took the ASVAB during a 1997 national study as its reference group. The percentile indicates the percentage of reference group participants who received an equal or lower score. For example, a candidate with a score of 95 represents the 95th percentile. They scored as well as or better than 95% of the reference group.

The following chart represents how the military categorizes AFQT scores based on percentile rank:

What is the ASVAB (AFQT) score?

The Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB) evaluates candidates knowledge of basic skills and concepts across multiple subjects. The test comprises of 10 sub-tests under the math, science/technical verbal and spatial categories. The military uses candidates scores from four specific sub-tests to calculate their Armed Forces Qualification Test (AFQT) score. The AFQT score determines their enlistment eligibility. A composite score from different combinations of the 10 sub-tests can help determine which military job applicants are best suited to perform.

What are the minimum AFQT scores required for enlistment?

The branches of the military require different minimum AFQT scores for enlistment eligibility. These requirements also differ for applicants with a high school diploma and applicants with a GED.

For individuals who received a high school diploma, the requirements are:

For individuals who received a GED, the requirements are:

How do composite scores work?

Air Force

The Air Force uses the following composite scores for each occupational specialty:

Army

The Army uses the following composite scores for each occupational specialty:

Marine Corps

The Marine Corps uses the following composite scores for each occupational specialty:

Navy

The Navy uses the following composite scores for each occupational specialty:

FAQ

How is the ASVAB Afqt score calculated?

The formula to derive the AFQT “raw score” is 2VE + AR (Arithmetic Reasoning) + MK (Mathematics Knowledge) = AFQT score. The AFQT raw score you receive is then translated into a percentile score that tells you how well you did on the AFQT compared to a base group of approximately 6,000 other test takers ages 18–23.

What is a good ASVAB Afqt score?

The overall ASVAB score is known as the AFQT score, or Armed Forces Qualification Test score. Exceptions may be made, however, for a handful of high school graduates who can score as low as 31. The vast majority, some 70 percent, of those accepted for an Air Force enlistment achieve a score of 50 or above.

What is a normal Afqt score?

The ASVAB’s AFQT is scored using a percentile system with scores ranging from 0-99. A score of 50 is average and means that the test taker did better than 50% of all other test takers.

What is the passing score for Afqt?

The ASVAB’s AFQT is scored using a percentile system with scores ranging from 0-99. A score of 50 is average and means that the test taker did better than 50% of all other test takers.

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