Flextime (also spelled flexitime [British English], flex-time) is a flexible hours schedule that allows workers to alter their workday and decide/adjust their start and finish times.[1] In contrast to traditional[2] work arrangements that require employees to work a standard 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. day, flextime typically involves a “core” period of the day during which employees are required to be at work (e.g., between 11 a.m. and 3 p.m.), and a “bandwidth” period within which all required hours must be worked (e.g., between 5:30 a.m. and 7:30 p.m.).[3] The working day outside of the “core” period is “flexible time”, in which employees can choose when they work, subject to achieving total daily, weekly or monthly hours within the “bandwidth” period set by employers,[3] and subject to the necessary work being done. The total working time required of employees on flextime schedules is the same as that required under traditional work schedules.[3]

A flextime policy allows staff to determine when they will work, while a flexplace policy allows staff to determine where they will work. Advantages include allowing employees to coordinate their work hours with public transport schedules, with the schedules of their children, and with daily traffic patterns to avoid high congestion times such as rush hour. Some claim that flexible working will change the nature of the way we work.[4] The idea of flextime was invented by Christel Kammerer[5] and Wilhelm Haller.[6] The World Health Organization and the International Labour Organization estimate that over 745,000 people die from ischemic heart disease or stroke annually worldwide because they have worked 55 hours or more per week, making long working hours the occupational hazard with the largest disease burden.[7]

Flex time refers to a working schedule with a flexible set of starting and ending hours. Whereas a traditional schedule is from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. per day, a flex-time schedule allows employees to arrive, for example, at 8:30 a.m. one day and 10 a.m. the next.

Flextime

What type of jobs can use flex time?

Flex time can be beneficial for several different companies and industries. Here are some jobs that use flex-time schedules:

What is flex time?

Flex time refers to a working schedule with a flexible set of starting and ending hours. Whereas a traditional schedule is from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. per day, a flex-time schedule allows employees to arrive, for example, at 8:30 a.m. one day and 10 a.m. the next.

Employees with flex time schedules work the same amount of hours as those with a traditional work schedule. Also, companies with this type of schedule are typically flexible on the particular hours you begin and end work so long as you work all of your required hours for the day.

Disadvantages

Along with its advantages, flex time can also be disadvantageous for employees and employers. The following are some reasons why:

1. Complicates daily operations

If youre an employee who doesnt work until the latter half of the day but theres a company meeting in the morning, youll likely going to have to come in for work. This is not only a hassle for you but also a hassle for any manager who tries to schedule their own meetings and needs you to be in attendance.

2. It can be isolating

Because of the varied schedules, its possible you wont see your co-workers as often. If youre friends with your co-workers but you suddenly work different schedules, a sense of unity can be lost.

3. It can be hard to coordinate

With so many employees working flex-time schedules, it can be difficult and time-consuming for the human resources staff or your supervisor to determine when youll be working.

4. Overtime confusion

With employees clocking in at different hours, it can make it difficult for managers to monitor any overtime hours and therefore, the payment for these hours.

Advantages

Implementing or adhering to a flex-time schedule can be beneficial for both employees and employers. Here are some of flex times advantages:

1. Promotes work-life balance

The main advantage of a flex-time schedule is the flexibility it allows. With employer approval, employees can choose what times theyd like to start and end their workday. This allows them to have more control over a healthy work-life balance.

2. Eases public transportation coordination

When you have a flex-time schedule, youre able to coordinate the time you head into the office with public transportation schedules.

3. Helpful for working parents

For parents whose children start school early in the morning or end their school day earlier than the average workday, flex time schedules can be highly beneficial.

4. Avoids traffic

With a flex-time schedule, you can coordinate the hours you head into the office based on rush hour traffic. Avoiding a lengthy commute helps prevent stress, headaches and wasted time spent behind the wheel.

5. Attracts prospective employees

Allowing flex time can be beneficial for employers because many working professionals are enticed by the option to choose their working hours.

6. Increases productivity

If youre more productive at night, in the early morning or the middle of the afternoon, flex time schedules allow you to work during the hours where youd be most efficient. This is beneficial not only for you, but also for your company.

How to use flex time at your company

If youre looking to implement flex-time schedules at your company, here are the steps to consider:

1. Consider your employees

The first step in deciding whether or not to allow flex time schedules is determining whether or not it will have a positive effect on your companys employees and productivity. Be sure to address everyones concerns when deciding whether or not this type of schedule would work for your business.

As you decide how to implement flex-time scheduling, make sure to take into consideration employee opinions. The more theyre involved, the more theyll embrace the idea of switching to a new type of work schedule.

2. Develop guidelines and clarify goals

As you determine the varied schedules youd like to allow, put some rules and policies in place. For example, if you work best in the early morning, its unreasonable to assume that everyone else should, too.

Make sure the schedules youre creating are conducive to a productive work environment while keeping your employees in mind. Its also important to outline what you want these flex-time schedules to achieve for your company whether it be increased productivity or increased employee morale.

3. Observe

After flex-time schedules have been put in place, its important to observe their effects on your company. If the schedules you currently have in place arent working, consider how you can improve them or whether a flex-time schedule isnt right for your company. Make sure to check in with employees to see if this type of schedule is truly working in their favor.

Examples of flex time schedules

Here are some examples of flex time schedules:

1. Variable day schedule

A variable day schedule consists of flex-time schedules that vary by the day. For example, Monday and Wednesday from 10 a.m. to 6 p.m., Tuesday and Thursday from 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m. and Friday from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m.

2. Staggered hours

This refers to a flex-time schedule with a consistent start and end time no matter the day of the week. For example, it could consist of working Friday from 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. and Monday 10 a.m. to 6 p.m.

3. Split shift

In a split shift, you work a certain number of hours, take a lengthy break mid-shift and continue your shift hours later. For example, you could work Monday through Friday, from 9 a.m. to 9 p.m. with a break from 12 p.m. to 3 p.m.

4. Short-term flex time

In this case, an employees flex-time schedule is set for a certain time period and then it changes. For example, from January 1 to April 30, you could work Wednesday through Friday, 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. When May 1 rolls around, your schedule would then change.

FAQ

What is meant by flex time?

Flextime is an arrangement that allows an employee to alter the starting and/or end time of her/his workday. Employees still work the same number of scheduled hours as they would under a traditional schedule.

How do you use flex time in a sentence?

The bank also experimented with flextime (to share office space) and telecommuting via virtual private networking. Unlike exempted salaried workers, employers are still required to pay overtime to a flextime worker if they work more than 40 hours per week.

What are flexible examples?

The definition of flexible is someone or something that bends easily, is easily persuaded or can be changed easily. An example of flexible is a yoga expert. An example of flexible is a work schedule that allows work to be done at any time during the day. Capable of being bent or flexed; pliable.

What is flex time on a paycheck?

Flex pay is a type of fixed weekly compensation (with a variable overtime premium) that is sometimes available to employees who work a varying number of hours each week. Typically, some weeks will require more than 40 hours, and other weeks will require less than 40.

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