In recent years, the digital age has become a reality with the introduction of a broad range of devices and applications that are now considered essential to daily living. Whenever new applications are introduced, a large team of software developers is usually needed to create and optimize the code that powers the functionality behind the scenes. Since applications are now disrupting almost everything in the modern world, there has been a surge in demand for developers who know how to create efficient applications.
Should you go to college to become a software developer? Or teach yourself?
What degree does a software developer need?
There are no standard degree requirements for software developers. However, most software developers have a bachelors degree. Software developers with an associate degree may be able to find employment opportunities if they also have other relevant experience. Before deciding on the best type of degree for you, research the industries or companies you want to work in as a software developer and see if they have any specific requirements.
Software developers also vary in their major or field of study. Here are some academic disciplines to consider if you want to become a software developer:
What is a software developer?
A software developer is a technology professional who conceptualizes, designs, creates and tests computer programs. They also upgrade or maintain existing software. Some software developers specialize in creating programs that perform certain tasks, such as word processing, spreadsheet or email automation software. Others focus on creating the underlying operating systems for various devices like laptops or smartphones. Software developers can work in nearly any industry, including technology, health care, business development and finance.
How do you become a software developer?
Here are the steps you can take to become a software developer:
1. Earn a degree
Get at least a bachelors degree in an academic discipline related to computers. Most software developers hold a bachelors degree in a field like software engineering or computer science. You may find it easier to distinguish yourself as a candidate to a prospective employer if you have a bachelors degree.
However, it is possible to become a software developer with an associate degree or even without getting a college degree. Some professionals prefer to teach themselves the skills and knowledge of software development. These professionals typically then build a portfolio that can demonstrate their abilities to potential employers. Other aspiring software developers may prefer to begin their careers by attending a coding boot camp. Coding boot camps typically provide professionals with intensive training in various programming languages and techniques over just a few weeks or months.
2. Get an internship
Apply for internships or entry-level positions in software development. An internship can be a great way to gain the practical experience necessary for software development. Some internships may also eventually lead to full-time job offers. Complete your internship either while youre in school or shortly after graduating with your degree.
3. Gain additional credentials
Consider earning additional software development credentials. Some companies may prefer to hire software developers with certifications, masters degrees or both. Getting one or more certifications is one of the more popular ways for software developers to hone their skills and improve their qualifications. A software developer can earn certification in specific operating systems or devices made by certain companies. Other certifications may focus on software development for specific types of applications, like databases or cloud computing.
In addition, or instead, you might think about getting a masters degree. A masters degree can help you specialize more in an area of software development, such as front or back-end development. This credential may also assist you in advancing your career in software development, such as by becoming a project management specialist or computer and information systems manager.
What skills do software developers use?
Here are some abilities and sets of knowledge that software developers use on the job:
Software developers typically collaborate with not only other developers but a range of other professionals. A software developer works closely with their computing coworkers, such as programmers or DevOps engineers, to ensure that all aspects of their computing system or application function smoothly together. Software developers also often work with colleagues outside of their department, like product development teams or company leaders, as software developers help transform company ideas into functional applications. Teamwork skills that software developers can benefit from developing include negotiation, persuasion, active listening and compromise.
Communication abilities can help software developers clearly convey instructions to programmers or other professionals theyre collaborating with on a project. A software developer often communicates with their colleagues through a range of channels, such as in-person, email, instant messaging and the phone. Software developers also know how to explain the benefits and functions of their new application to prospective or current customers using simplified language.
Software developers use organizational skills to successfully balance their range of responsibilities. These duties may include analyzing their clients needs in relation to new software, developing diagrams that can help programmers create code, devising software upgrades or fixes and carefully documenting all of their processes. Knowing how to efficiently manage their time, prioritize tasks and create schedules can help software developers accomplish their duties while giving their highest-quality job performance.
Programmers typically spend more time coding than software developers. However, a software developer still possesses some knowledge of various coding languages and best practices. Coding skills enable software developers to design diagrams that guide programmers in generating or revising specific lines of code. Knowledge of coding can also help software developers figure out how to solve specific errors during the debugging or troubleshooting process.
Troubleshooting and debugging are important aspects of developing new software or upgrading existing programs. Software developers understand the processes and techniques for solving program errors and glitches prior to their application launch date. A software developer can also use a range of tools related to debugging, such as frameworks and sandboxes.
Many of a software developers responsibilities are highly technical. However, software developers also use creative thinking skills to approach their applications features, design elements or upgrades in unique ways. Creative thinking abilities can also help software developers figure out how to design innovative programs that both function well and meet market needs.
How much do software developers earn?
The annual salary for software developers varies based on their exact job title and specialization. Here are the average salaries for some types of software development positions:
Its important to remember that individual salaries for all types of developers can depend on other factors too. These factors include your geographic location, the industry you work in, your years of experience and your training or credentials.