Are you new to project management so you feel confused about traditional PM science? Well, your feeling is quite natural, and many people just like you feel the same confusion. In order to help you become a competent project manager and be self-confident of the PM discipline, we have written and listed here a series of articles and reviews on the project management fundamentals.
Project Management Basics for Beginners: 13 Simple Project Management Tips
What is project management?
Project management is the practice of applying all processes, skills, tools, techniques and deliverables for all activities related to a project, with the ultimate objective of meeting the projects goals and guidelines. It involves coordinating a project through all five of its phases, from imitation to completion, and making sure everything is done according to previously set standards and deadlines.
What is a project?
A project is a planned sequence of tasks that need to be done with the purpose of reaching a specific outcome. Projects are generally very diverse in size and nature, ranging from simple and straightforward to multilayered and complex. A manager or executive typically coordinates them and they are called the project manager. Their goal is to understand all the targets that need to be met and what their deadline is, and then manage all aspects of project execution so they are delivered on time and within predetermined standards.
Most projects have five distinct phases:
Why is project management important?
Some of the benefits of effective project management are:
What does a project manager do?
Project managers are tasked with planning, organizing and managing specific projects from inception to completion. They need to constantly monitor every process involved in the project so they can make sure everything is done according to schedule and within the agreed scope and budget.
Some of a projects managers main responsibilities are:
What tools do you use in project management?
The tools that project managers use greatly depend on their projects nature and scope. Also, they use different tools for different tasks related to the projects completion, such as:
What are the main challenges of project management?
While the specific challenges that every project faces are generally related to its particularities, certain common constraints apply to most projects. The three main challenges of every project are:
These three main constraints are usually interconnected, meaning that if you alter one, the other two are likely to be affected. For example, reducing a projects budget usually means it is delivered at a later date than promised and its scope is reduced. Similarly, reducing the allocated time for a project involves spending more money to get it done on time and altering its scope.
What are the most widely used project management methods?
Although there are many different ways to manage a project, the most popular two are:
What are the different knowledge areas within project management?
Effective project management typically involves mastering these 10 knowledge areas:
What are basics of project management?
What are the 4 main processes of project management?
What are the 9 principles of project management?