What Is Analytical Reasoning? (With Definition and Tips)

Analytical reasoning is a person’s ability to identify patterns within a group of facts or rules and use those patterns to determine outcomes that could be or must be true. Skills like creative thinking and attention to detail can help with identifying patterns’ meanings and deciding what to do next.

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Elements of analytical reasoning

Applying analytical reasoning skills depends on the circumstances. While some circumstances only call for basic analytical reasoning, others call for a more sophisticated skill set, Here are some elements involved in analytical reasoning:

Recognizing cause and effect

Identifying whether one event is the immediate cause of another is a part of cause and effect. Even though some events seem to be the causes of others, they only have correlation, which means they have a relationship other than causation.


Can you prove causation with this argument?

Sallys doctor only performs surgery at City General Hospital. Sally is currently undergoing surgery. Therefore, Sally is at City General Hospital.

Since her doctor only performs surgeries at City General Hospital, it is reasonable to assume that Sally is having surgery there.

Discovering trends

Trends are when an occurrence or result persistently changes over time. You can identify trends using analytical reasoning based on a set of data. Analytical trends require quantitative data that is precise and measurable.


Over a six-month period, Sally’s average math test scores were as follows:

October – 87 November – 89 December – 90 January – 92 February – 94 September – 84

This information demonstrates that Sally’s test results rise over the course of the chosen period.

Using conditional and converse statements

If-then statements, also known as conditional statements, use a hypothesis to ascertain whether a conclusion is true. The conditional statement and the converse statement are the two elements to take into account. The if and then clause of the conditional statement contains the premise and conclusion. The opposite assertion reverses the order of that hypothesis and conclusion. You can determine whether the converse is true through analytical reasoning.


Conditional statement: If you like chocolate, then you like candy. Converse statement: If you like candy, then you like chocolate.

These claims make the assumption that candy and chocolate are equivalent, leading to the conclusion that liking one means liking the other. However, not all candy is chocolate, even though all chocolate is candy. In light of the fact that if someone likes chocolate, they also like at least one type of candy, the conditional statement is true. But liking candy doesnt mean someone automatically likes chocolate. Therefore, the converse statement is false.

Following a sequence of numbers or events

Predicting the following number or event in a sequence is typically required to solve problems involving sequences of numbers or events. The pertinent information typically appears as a list of items separated by commas. Most times, the items seem unrelated. Using analytical reasoning, you use the provided information and facts to identify a pattern and locate the following item.


Which number follows this one in the series? 5, 8, 6, 9, 7, 10, 8, 11

The pattern alternates between adding and subtracting. The first number is created by adding 3 to the first, the second number is created by taking away 2 from the second, and the third number is created. Then the pattern repeats. The final number on the list, 11, is created by adding 3 to the number 8 before it. You find the next number by subtracting 2 from 11. So, the next number in the sequence 9.

What is analytical reasoning?

The ability to spot patterns within a collection of facts or regulations and use those patterns to infer conclusions that might or must be true is known as analytical reasoning. Finding patterns, understanding meanings, and deciding what to do next can be aided by abilities like creative thinking and attention to detail.


Katie is older than Chelsea. Gillian is younger than Chelsea. Gillian is older than Molly.

What can you deduce about Katie and Molly’s relationship?

In this illustration, facts can be used to determine the pattern of relationships between the four people. The pattern then enables you to draw conclusions about Katie and Molly’s relationship that must be true. Due to Katie’s age difference with Chelsea, Gillian, who is Chelsea’s younger sister, is also older than Katie. You can assume that Katie is older than Molly because Molly is younger than Gillian.

When do people use analytical reasoning?

Early development of analytical reasoning abilities and continued use in adulthood are both possible. You may encounter issues in your personal, professional, and educational settings that you can resolve with analytical reasoning.

Tips for analytical reasoning

The following considerations should be made when using analytical reasoning:

Identify the factors involved

When applying analytical reasoning, carefully examine each factor involved. The factors may include names, numbers, shapes or other objects. For instance, the numbers in the sequence 5, 11, 23, and 47 are the issue’s factors. Once you’ve identified them, you can determine their function within the context of the issue, such as locating the following number in the series.

Find the relationship(s) between each element

Once you are aware of the problematic factors, seek out any connections between them. You could start by figuring out if the series’ numbers share any characteristics or if the pattern involves a specific mathematical operation. You can arrive at the solution by comprehending the relationships between the components of the issue. Each number in the series multiplies the one before it by two and then adds one.

5 x 2 = 10

10 + 1 = 11

11 x 2 = 22

22 + 1 = 23

You can determine that the following number in the sequence is 95 by observing this pattern.

Be careful to avoid making assumptions

People might jump to conclusions about variables or relationships without giving the issue careful thought. This can create inaccurate conclusions or no conclusion at all. People may notice that the numbers 5, 11, 23, and 47 are all negative numbers, as an illustration. Although they can correctly deduce that the following number in the sequence is a negative, this information is insufficient to determine the solution.

Look for words that limit or define relationships

If the problem asks you to determine whether the original 5, 11, 23, 47 sequence only contains prime numbers, for instance, certain words can help you understand the relationships between the factors. Only denotes a minimal connection between prime numbers and the number series. You can correctly infer that only prime numbers are present in the sequence since they can only be divided by one and themselves. However, if you add the following number, 95, it is no longer just prime numbers since 95 can be divided by 1 and 5.

Other limiting or defining words include:


What is meant by analytical reasoning?

Analytical Reasoning (AR) questions are intended to test your capacity to take into account a collection of facts and regulations and, in light of those facts and regulations, determine what may or may not be true.

What are analytical reasoning questions?

What are analytical questions? They test a candidate’s capacity for logical thought and deductive reasoning. These questions also assess a candidate’s capacity to analyze data, use logic, spot patterns, and draw conclusions.

What is analytical and logical reasoning?

The purpose of logical and analytical reasoning tests, also referred to as critical reasoning tests, is to gauge a candidate’s aptitude for interpreting patterns, numbers, and sequences. evaluating a candidate’s capacity to apply organized thinking to extrapolate the right answer from brief passages to the question at hand

How do I learn analytical reasoning?

The purpose of logical and analytical reasoning tests, also referred to as critical reasoning tests, is to gauge a candidate’s aptitude for interpreting patterns, numbers, and sequences. evaluating a candidate’s capacity to apply organized thinking to extrapolate the right answer from brief passages to the question at hand

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