Le cerveau humain est un organe particulier. Parfois, nous nous souvenons d’une information aléatoire et sans contexte, racontée par un ami il y a 17 ans, avec toujours cette même interrogation : jusqu’à combien de données pouvons-nous bien stocker ? (environ 2,5 pétaoctets, paraît-il). En d’autres occasions, il nous arrive au contraire de quitter le bureau ou de fermer Zoom en fin de journée avec l’impression que notre mémoire a été instantanément effacée.

Quel que soit le scénario qui se rapproche du vôtre, sachez que n’importe qui peut améliorer la capacité et la vitesse à laquelle son cerveau traite les informations dès lors qu’il utilise les bonnes techniques de mémorisation. Vous gagnerez également en productivité puisque vous ne perdrez plus de temps à rechercher les données dont vous vous souviendrez, comme votre liste de tâches ou d’autres éléments de contexte.

Simple memory tips and tricks
  • Try to understand the information first. Information that is organized and makes sense to you is easier to memorize. …
  • Link it. …
  • Sleep on it. …
  • Self-test. …
  • Use distributed practice. …
  • Write it out. …
  • Create meaningful groups. …
  • Use mnemonics.

Memorization Methods and Why They Work

Benefits of using memorization strategies

Using a memorization strategy can make processing and retaining information easier. Many people benefit from this skill, including students who are trying to learn new material, employees who need to learn new concepts for their job and even people who want to excel at their hobbies or want to learn a new language.

What are memorization strategies?

Memorization strategies are techniques for increasing your ability to memorize information. There are a variety of ways that appeal to verbal, visual, spatial and auditory learners that you can tailor to your preferences.

26 memorization strategies

Here are 26 memorization strategies you can try:

1. Write it out

Handwriting the information you need to memorize can increase your ability to remember information because it activates a part of your brain that processes the input of information in a detailed way. For some people, it can also help to re-write information more than once. If you prefer to work on a computer, tablet or smartphone, there are apps available that allow you to hand-write notes.

2. Re-read notes

Re-reading notes can help you hold on to the information youve already documented. An important part of this strategy is to read your notes, which includes annotating them, rather than simply reading or skimming over them. When you engage with the information by highlighting, underlining or even taking additional notes, it can increase your comprehension of the material and your ability to remember the information.

3. Make flashcards

Flashcards can be an effective study tool to help you learn and review a lot of information quickly. With this strategy, it may be especially useful to create your own flashcards. A popular way to use flashcards is by writing words and concepts or placing pictures on one side of the card and including their definitions and explanations on the other side. Here are some tips on using flashcards:

4. Visualize information

Visualizing information can increase your ability to memorize it because it can be easier to recall images rather than blocks of information, especially difficult or abstract concepts. To visualize information, create an image in your mind that relates to or that you associate with the concept or information youre trying to remember.

5. Create memorable images

The images used to visualize concepts or ideas can increase how effectively youre able to recall the information youve associated with them. For some, visualizing detailed and vivid images that directly or closely correspond to the idea of a concept can be more helpful. For others, visualizing exaggerated or funny images may help to recall the information quickly.

6. Recite out loud

Reading and reciting information out loud can be an efficient way to memorize material because you are more likely to pay attention versus reading or reviewing information silently in your head. This strategy is especially useful for people who are auditory learners because the act of reading or reciting information aloud can form auditory links in memory pathways. There are a few ways to implement this strategy, including:

7. Teach what youve learned

Teaching the information youve learned to someone else is a good indicator of how well you memorized the material. This strategy doesnt entail developing elaborate lesson plans, but explaining or even just mentioning what youve learned to others. This strategy can reveal gaps in knowledge or understanding. If youre unable to confidently and clearly explain certain concepts or ideas, its a good idea to review and study those parts again.

8. Use spaced repetition

Spacing out your study sessions, rather than trying to memorize a bunch of information in one session, allows you to use time intervals to refresh your brain. Spaced repetition can significantly improve your ability to recall information because the more often you encounter certain material, the more likely you are to remember it. Its helpful to determine specific times and days you want to dedicate to reviewing your materials.

9. Use the name acronym

Acronyms are words that are created by using the first letters of other words. They can help you remember the first letters of a list, which may help you remember the list itself. This strategy allows you to come up with memorable names or phrases you can attach to groups of information. The acronym ROYGBIV, or Roy G. Biv, for example, is a commonly used acronym to help students memorize the specific order and colors of the rainbow.

10. Create a song

Creating or turning the material you need to memorize into a song can be a fun and engaging way to remember information. If theres a catchy song you like, you can replace the original lyrics with the information youre trying to remember. You can also make up your own tune or melody. Linking words and phrases to a melody can make it easier to recall information.

11. Test yourself

Quizzing yourself can help you recall information you need to remember. Ask yourself questions that force you to know and remember the material without needing to refer to notes or look up the answers. This technique can help identify areas you may struggle to remember and guide your focus. One way to use this strategy is by quizzing yourself immediately after trying to memorize something and then again a few hours, or even days later to see if you remember it.

12. Create memorable associations

Creating memorable associations with terms or concepts you need to memorize can help boost retention because it allows you to connect information with images, ideas or concepts youre already familiar with. Your associations dont need to be overly complex, and you can link pieces of information that make the most sense to you.

13. Use acrostics

Acrostics are phrases made up of words beginning with the first letter of other words. Acrostics can make it easier to recall information by helping you remember a list of keywords. Here are four steps to creating an acrostic:

14. Group information together

The grouping technique can be an effective tool to help you memorize material by placing them into memorable categories. Not only does the grouping technique help convert short-term memory into long-term memory, but grouping also can help you organize and synthesize seemingly unrelated information.

15. Use metaphors and analogies

Using metaphors and analogies may help you better understand concepts, which can increase your ability to remember them. Metaphors and analogies help establish connections between information, ideas or concepts with something already familiar to you.

16. Use the memory palace technique

The memory palace technique involves visualizing a place you are familiar with, such as your house or a city, and associating or mentally storing information around the “memory palace” youve visualized. To use this technique, visualize yourself walking through the place youve chosen and recall as many details as you can, then associate pieces of information with specific objects. To recall the information in the future, visualize the place again to access the associations and information you tied to specific objects.

17. Organize your space

Organizing and tidying your space can improve your ability to memorize because it can help to eliminate potential distractions. For some people, cleaning out a designated space to review material can improve focus, which can make it easier to remember information.

18. Change your study environment

Switching up the places where you study can provide your brain with more memory cues to recall information and can increase long-term retention. If you study at home, switching up the rooms or areas of the house you study in can help. Some other places to consider incorporating into your study routine include coffee shops, bookstores, unique buildings or parks.

19. Get moving

Exercising after youve studied or learned something may improve your ability to recall information. After youve studied some material, you can go for a walk or jog to see if you preserved the information.

20. Over-learn the material

Its common for people to stop actively engaging with their material when they feel like theyve finally understood and remembered it. Continuously engaging with the material can help solidify the information in your long-term memory. Routinely revisiting concepts and other information may help you maintain the information youve learned.

21. Create rhymes

Creating rhymes is a simple strategy that can help you remember and recall information because it links words or ideas to specific sounds or rhythms. To use this strategy, start with the word or phrase you want to remember and create a corresponding line or word that ends in a similar sound to create a song-like pattern.

22. Engage all senses

People rely heavily on all their senses to process information when learning. Combining visual and auditory, or any combination of the five senses, when taking in information can boost memory retention. A sound can help you remember an image and an image can help you remember a word, phrase or concept.

23. Stagger study sessions

Staggering study sessions can increase your ability to retain the information. Its common for people to try memorizing information during a single study session, which can cause a loss of focus. If youre trying to study for an exam that covers an entire unit in a textbook, focusing on one or two chapters a day for a week can help you take in the information at a steady pace without feeling rushed. Youll have more time to review the material, which can boost your memory.

24. Create a narrative

Creating a story or narrative using the terms or concepts you need to memorize can boost your retention. The stories dont need to be lengthy, even just two or three lines can be effective. Its up to you how you want to structure the story, but it can help to use the traditional beginning, middle and end format. Depending on your learning style and preference, you can create simple stories or imaginative stories containing a lot of details

25. Create a mind map

Creating a mind map is a dynamic way to remember information because it presents information in a unique structure and combines words, images and patterns. The easiest way to create a mind map is to place the central idea in the middle of a page which can be a keyword, phrase or concept. Next, you can draw lines containing more detailed information, images or symbols related to the key idea.

26. Color-code your notes

Color-coding your notes can be an effective way to organize information to make it easier to remember, especially for visual learners. Colors can increase your ability to memorize material by increasing attention-levels, managing and grouping together related information and establishing links between colors and specific words or ideas.

FAQ

What are the 5 memory strategies?

From the top 5 methods facing off, Cooke told us some of their top strategies for learning words fast.
  • Take a guess. One of the best ways to remember a new word, it turns out, is to guess its meaning before you even know it. …
  • Repeat, repeat, repeat. …
  • Create a mnemonic. …
  • Think spatially. …
  • Relax already.

What are the 25 memory techniques?

Terms in this set (25)
  • Start by understanding the nature of short-term memory. Short-term memory can fade after a few minutes, and it rarely last more than several hours.
  • Chunk it. …
  • Recite and Repeat. …
  • Review as soon as possible. …
  • Be Selective. …
  • Elaborate with questions. …
  • Organize it. …
  • Create associations.

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