10 Opportunities in the Technology Industry Sectors (With Roles and Salaries)

The technology sector—also known as the information technology (IT) sector—is the area of the stock market focused on technological growth, development, and manufacturing.

The technology sector is comprised of businesses that sell goods and services in electronics, software, computers, artificial intelligence, and other industries related to information technology (IT

information technology (IT
Information Technology in India is a vast industry which comprises information technology services, consulting, and outsourcing. The IT industry accounted for 8% of India’s GDP in 2020. The IT and BPM industry’s revenue is estimated at US$194 billion in FY 2021, an increase of 2.3% YoY.

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What sectors exist in the technology industry?

Technology sectors refer to the various categories and positions involved in the research, development and distribution of technological goods and services. Here are the four primary sectors of the technology industry:

Information technology sector

Information technology (IT) services focus on the collection, analysis and organization of electronic data and information. The IT sector offers services for businesses and organizations to manage data and input. Many of the roles and objectives of IT services aim to create effective business processes and systems and ensure the security and reliability of business networks.

Software sector

Software refers to the coding systems and programs created to produce user interfaces, processes and network displays. The software sector of technology includes operations and systems such as cloud-based networks, automation processes and user-interface programs. The creation, development and maintenance of software ensure proper operations for technology-based goods and operations.

Hardware sector

Technological hardware includes tangible equipment and parts for technological goods. Production of goods includes monitors, processing components, electrical circuits, computer accessories and machinery. The hardware sector includes roles and services associated with the design, development and manufacturing of technological hardware components and consumer products.

Semiconductor sector

Semiconductors for tech goods and programs include items such as processing chips and electrical circuit boards that conduct the flow of systems and currents. Most semiconductor products include silicon materials that control electrical pulses and systems. Jobs and expertise in the semiconductor sector focus on the design, improvement and manufacturing of electrical semiconductor components for technology-based goods and hardware.

What opportunities do technology industry sectors offer?

The technology industry includes various opportunities and roles that contribute to the processes of each industry sector. Technology professionals can look for jobs in a sector that aligns with their skills and experience. F**or the most up-to-date salary information from Indeed, visit indeed.com/salaries.

IT service roles

The following positions operate in the IT services sector of the technology industry:

Primary duties: An IT service technician works to improve, install and maintain technological hardware, software and resources. They work to create and implement the best technology systems to fit the organizations needs and increase the efficiency and use of equipment. An IT technician may also troubleshoot, communicate and repair network or software issues.

Primary duties: IT project managers create and handle the structure, flow and strategy for the development of IT services and systems. They work to optimize systems and find solutions for workflow issues and service errors. Primary duties include pitching ideas, implementing changes, monitoring efficiency and troubleshooting IT issues.

Primary duties: A cybersecurity specialist uses IT theories, ideas and practices to test and develop network security features. They work to identify and prevent potential security breaches to protect data, systems and production. The primary duties of a cybersecurity specialist include surveillance monitoring, security development, testing systems and analyzing potential issues.

Software roles

Here are some common roles and opportunities for professionals in the software sector:

Primary duties: A programmer is a technology professional who works to create and implement software operating systems, programs and interfaces. They work with developers and engineers to create and execute code systems to fit the description and requirements of the developer. A programmers duties include writing code, testing software, troubleshooting errors and maintaining systems.

Primary duties: A software engineer builds and designs efficient and reliable coding systems for an organization or client. The engineer meets with clients and managers to determine the needs, capacity and operations of the system and work to generate software for users. Primary duties for software engineers include testing code, developing systems, maintaining operations and collaborating with clients.

Primary duties: A cloud engineer works with cloud-based software technology to design, maintain and structure efficient systems. The engineer may test and implement security and organizational features to secure and process an organizations data. A cloud engineer performs duties such as designing systems, organizing files, structuring a software hierarchy and testing system security.

Hardware and consumer goods roles

Here are some available roles in the hardware and consumer goods sector of the technology industry:

Primary duties: A hardware technician works to install, repair and maintain technological equipment for an organization. The technician handles faulty or outdated hardware and works to find a solution. The primary duties of a hardware technician include communicating with clients, reporting damage, installing new devices and performing routine maintenance.

Primary duties: Computer hardware engineers are technology professionals who create, test and develop new designs for computer hardware components. They work with technology such as processing chips, monitor displays, computer towers and circuits. A hardware engineers primary duties include meeting with designers, testing equipment, drafting designs and repairing equipment.

Semiconductors and semiconductor equipment roles

Consider pursuing a career in one of the following semiconductor technology positions:

Primary duties: A quality assurance engineer determines and upholds the parameters and requirements for manufactured equipment and production processes. In a semiconductor quality position, they may work to test and examine conductor components and ensure proper materials and structure. The primary duties of a semiconductor quality assurance engineer include supervising manufacturers, testing equipment, communicating expectations and designing new product standards.

Primary duties: A semiconductor engineer works to design and create semiconductor electrical equipment used in technology and hardware. They focus on the use of primarily silicon devices to conduct electric currents and perform technological functions. The primary duties of a semiconductor engineer include testing equipment, designing parts and developing circuits.


What industries are in technology sector?

Technology Sectors
  • Biotechnology. …
  • Composites & Advanced Materials. …
  • Environmental Technologies. …
  • Forest Products & Agriculture. …
  • Information Technology. …
  • Marine Technology & Aquaculture. …
  • Precision Manufacturing.

What type of industry is information technology?

Information Technology (IT) is a business sector that deals with computing, including hardware, software, telecommunications and generally anything involved in the transmittal of information or the systems that faciliate communication.

What is the technology sector in the stock market?

The technology sector—also known as the information technology (IT) sector—is the area of the stock market focused on companies with revenue driven by technological growth, development, and manufacturing. It attracts many investors for its potential for significant gains, but there are also risks to consider.

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